Black Hole Spills Kaleidoscope of Color


Shoes may not come in every color, but space objects do. All objects in space, including everything from dust to distant galaxies, give off a rainbow of light – including light our eyes can’t see. That’s where NASA’s Great Observatories come in. Together, they help astronomers see all the shades of the cosmos.

A new false-colored image from NASA’s Hubble, Chandra and Spitzer space telescopes demonstrates this principle beautifully. The multi-hued portrait shows a giant jet of particles that has been shot out from the vicinity of a type of supermassive black hole called a quasar. The jet is enormous, stretching across more than 100,000 light-years of space – a size comparable to our own Milky Way galaxy!

Black Hole Spills Kaleidoscope of ColorQuasars are among the brightest objects in the universe. They consist of supermassive black holes surrounded by turbulent material, which is being heated up as it is dragged toward the black hole. This hot material glows brilliantly, and some of it gets blown off into space in the form of powerful jets.

The jet pictured here is streaming out from the first known quasar, called 3C273, discovered in 1963. A kaleidoscope of colors represents the jet’s assorted light waves. X-rays, the highest-energy light in the image, are shown at the far left in blue (the black hole itself is well to the left of the image). The X-rays were captured by Chandra. As you move from left to right, the light diminishes in energy, and wavelengths increase in size. Visible light recorded by Hubble is displayed in green, while infrared light caught by Spitzer is red. Areas where visible and infrared light overlap appear yellow.

Astronomers were able to use these data to solve the mystery of how light is produced is quasar jets. Light is created in a few, very different ways. For example, our sun generates most of its light via a process called fusion, in which hydrogen atoms are combined, causing an explosion of light. In the case of this jet, even the most energetic light was unexpectedly found to be the result of charged particles spiraling through a magnetic field, a process known as synchrotron radiation.

From NASA


One Response to Black Hole Spills Kaleidoscope of Color

  1. Anonymous September 3, 2006 at 5:22 pm #

    I would like to request that the term Black Hole be replaced with Black Sphere. By calling them Black Holes, individuals consider that they are a place where one goes after entering it – likened to the black hole that Bugs Bunny jumps into when he’s trying to escape Elmer Fudd.

    The reality is that these are Black Spheres that have no top or a bottom. They draw matter into them without bias, from all directions. They can not be entered with a space ship to transfer human passengers to visit their past.

    Once a piece of matter or a spaceship is drawn onto the surface of a Black Sphere, it is consumed as matterless particles with minimal energy being released to signify the immediate destruction.

    These are not Black Holes, but rather Black Spheres that consume everything around them. They are due the respect that they deserve and not to be contorted into something that represents the escape hatch of Bugs Bunny.

    Brion Carroll

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