Researchers halt, reverse cirrhosis of the liver

December 27, 2007
Blog Entry, Health, Life & Non-humans

University of California, San Diego researchers have proven in animal studies that fibrosis in the liver can be not only stopped, but reversed. Their discovery, to be published in PLoS Online on December 26, opens the door to treating and curing conditions that lead to excessive tissue scarring such as viral hepatitis, fatty liver disease, cirrhosis, pulmonary fibrosis, scleroderma and burns.

Six years ago, the UC San Diego School of Medicine research team discovered the cause of the excess fibrous tissue growth that leads to liver fibrosis and cirrhosis, and developed a way to block excess scar tissue in mice. At that time, the best hope seemed to be future development of a therapy that would prevent or stop damage in patients suffering from the excessive scarring related to liver or lung disease or severe burns.

In their current study, Martina Buck, Ph.D., assistant professor of medicine at UCSD and the Veterans Affairs San Diego Healthcare System, and Mario Chojkier, M.D., UCSD professor of medicine and liver specialist at the VA, show that by blocking a protein linked to overproduction of scar tissue, they can not only stop the progression of fibrosis in mice, but reverse some of the cell damage that already occurred.

In response to liver injury – for example, cirrhosis caused by alcohol – hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activated by oxidative stress results in large amounts of collagen. Collagen is necessary to heal wounds, but excessive collagen causes scars in tissues. In this paper, the researchers showed that activation of a protein called RSK results in HSC activation and is critical for the progression of liver fibrosis. They theorized that the RSK pathway would be a potential therapeutic target, and developed an RSK inhibitory peptide to block activation of RSK.

The scientists used mice with severe liver fibrosis – similar to the condition in humans with cirrhosis of the liver – that was induced by chronic treatment with a liver toxin known to cause liver damage. The animals, which continued on the liver toxin, were given the RSK-inhibitory peptide. The peptide inhibited RSK activation, which stopped the HSC from proliferating. The peptide also directly activated the caspase or “executioner” protein, which killed the cells producing liver cirrhosis but not the normal cells.

“All control mice had severe liver fibrosis, while all mice that received the RSK-inhibitory peptide had minimal or no liver fibrosis,” said Buck.

Buck explained that the excessive collagen response is blocked by the RSK-inhibitory peptide, but isn’t harmful to the liver. “The cells continue to do their normal, healing work but their excess proliferation is controlled,” Buck said. “Remarkably, the death of HSC may also allow recovery from liver injury and reversal of liver fibrosis.”

The researchers found a similar activation of RSK in activated HSC in humans with severe liver fibrosis but not in control livers, suggesting that this pathway is also relevant in human liver fibrosis. Liver biopsies from patients with liver fibrosis also showed activated RSK.

The study expands on work reported in 2001 in the journal Molecular Cell announcing that a team led by Buck had found that a small piece of an important regulatory protein called C/EBP beta was responsible for fibrous tissue growth, or excessive scar tissue following injury or illness. When normal scarring goes awry, excessive build-up of fibrous tissue can produce disfiguring scars or clog vital internal organs and lead to serious complications. Buck and colleagues developed a mutated protein that stopped this excessive fibrous tissue growth.

“Six years ago, we showed a way to prevent or stop the excessive scarring in animal models,” said Buck. “Our latest finding proves that we can actually reverse the damage.”

Worldwide, almost 800,000 people die from liver cirrhosis each year, and there is currently no treatment for it. Excessive tissue repair in chronic liver disease induced by viral, toxic, immunologic and metabolic disorders all result in excessive scar tissue, and could benefit from therapy developed from the UCSD researchers’ findings.

The research was supported by grants from the National Institutes of Health, the Department of Veterans Affairs and UCSD’s Medical Research Foundation. Buck is the recipient of a Howard Temin Award from the National Cancer Institute.


56 Responses to Researchers halt, reverse cirrhosis of the liver

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  4. Kim November 5, 2012 at 3:24 pm #

    What are the latest results of testing of RSK inhibitory peptide, for reversal of liver cirrhosis? Has there or will there be any clinical testing using humans as test subjects? Will clinical testing be made available to human volunteers? Please provide me with any information and/or test results. I have Alcoholic Liver Cirrhosis, so my interest is for myself personally…and for anyone else that may be helped by this disclosure.
    Thank you.

  5. J.S. July 10, 2012 at 6:43 pm #

    My son, who is 28, was diagnosed with cirrhosis and we almost lost him. He was in and out of hospitals due to the other problems that arise when your liver doesn’t work. His kidneys started failing and he developed bilateral pfnemonia. He has had two pancreatic attacks that he says feel like the most crucial pain from his chest to his back. He was put on Xifaxan 550 mg twice a day and has taken it for two months twice a day. It is extremely expensive, 30 days cost $1,600. This medication is a miracle worker. He has his color back and his billirubin has gone down to a “2″ when it had been in the “35″ or so. His doctor says he no longer has cirrhosis of the liver and can live a healthy normal life. He has stopped taking the medication and is only on folic acid and Thiamine and Prilosec. I thank God and whoever invented the Xifaxan for it is a miracle pill. 7/10/12

  6. tazer June 15, 2012 at 3:13 am #

    All I hear is this bullshit articles that researches found this and that and done it to animals and there usually dated many years backwards. So where are these miracle cures? Why arnt they being used on people why isnt this on the front page of the news?

  7. Marisol Hernandez May 8, 2012 at 5:46 pm #

    Need A Cure For Cerrhosis For A Woman With 2 Months To Live Please Write Back ASAP!!!!!!! Please

  8. mike May 6, 2012 at 6:54 am #

    hi. it’s mike again. just an update. LISTEN UP!

    I have started, based upon the SUCCESSFUL Results of a 2 Yr. Clinical Trial,
    by my Dr.’s agreement and prescription 8mg Candesartan name brand, ATACAND, only available, no generic in U.S. This is 11 years on the market, safe, shown to REVERSE LIVER FIBROSIS. $90 for 30 days at walmart …with my insurance, only a $30 copay.

    Also, Actigall, 600 mg per day (prescription only)…Known as Urso, UDCA, available $37 at Walmart.

    Look up on google or nih alcoholic fibrosis candesartan …..

    Average liver fibrosis decrease of 30%.

    This is the real deal. Atacand, an Angiotensin 2 receptor blocker, is better than ACE inhibitors. Atacand is used for heart patients also, a blood pressure reducer. Please, please, surround yourself with accurate, current information. Focus on the good news re: cirrhosis, steatohepatitis, fibrosis….fatty liver, nash, nafld.

    Try liver fibrosis at SCIENCE . Also, the World-leading

    Tell or print out….and take to) your Dr. about the things you find, especially at Get pushy. My general practice Dr., not my Hepatologist, was the person I approached with the physical printout. He admitted then he had heard “they” were working on this approach.

    We’re in the Best Time to have to deal with liver disease yet. Better than 2 years ago. Much better than last year.

    p.s. Alpha lipoic is now shown to Reverse Liver Fibrosis!!! $7 Walmart. Research this, as always.
    We’re gonna make it after all!!! God Bless. mike

  9. tazer April 25, 2012 at 5:52 pm #


  10. don tracey March 3, 2012 at 6:09 pm # is a site explains how Lloyd cured himself from not only cirhosis but liver cancer as well. He got Hep C thru blood transfusions. He has since his recovery taken it upon himself to provide peptides and supplemetns that he learned about with great difficulty in his quest to save his own live through his 9-year-old (now) non profit site. Go to the bottom of the AMS site and clikc on “interviews” to review Lloyd’s set of YouTube interviews which tell the story in a nutshell. Buy his “Triumph Over Hep C” book and it will convince you he is on the level. Best of luck. Varicies is curable as well and discussed in one of the videos. Good Luck.

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  12. mike March 1, 2012 at 10:57 am #

    Thank you for all the Practical, Useful, Accurate info. Really.

    Also, have you considered the following:

    Alpha-lipoic acid 800 – 1200 mg / day total (400 x 2 – 3 / day)
    This helps the endothelial cells, also many other benefits. Needed by damaged livers, it’s a prescription included in liver disease in Germany! OTC here, Walmart.

    Grape Seed Extract –Wonderful Antioxidant $7.00 Walmart 2 caps w/food 3xday

    Choline 2 to 4 tabs/ caps per day.

    Melatonin, up to 20mg at a time, 3 x daily….strong antifibrotic, antioxidant!

    No iron in Multivitamin. Especially men.

    Modified Citrus Pectin, reduces Galectin-3, trials show reversal of liver fibrosis. see NIH.Gov website, key in modified citrus pectin, cirrhosis and galectin-3. You will learn a lot. Empowerment over this illness thru self-education; it works.

    If platelets above 100,000, research gingko biloba, korean panax ginseng,
    ginger. All 3 are shown to reverse liver fibrosis. It’s at also. By the way, NIH is the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. They work with FDA and pharmaceutical co’s. to present clinical trial results, etc.

    Magnesium (over 70% of U.S. is deficient) $4.00 Walmart. 600 mg per day. Helps Cure constipation. Rids body of toxic rotting poop. In Cirrhosis, an inflammatory and vascular disease, it’s important to be careful not to strain when trying to poop. I had colonoscopy and butt surgery same day as variceal endoscopy. Hopefully, since i was out (general anesthesia), they did my throat first.:))
    I was almost dead for a week 3 years ago after the gastric/variceal hemorrhage. Now, according to formulas, I should have about 17 years, EVEN though I started as End Stage….Stage 4 Cirrhosis. Hope and Prayers, Love and Information, Genuine Care for You ABOUNDS. There is Information and CCCCCheap, over the counter supplementation along with generic medicine for virtually ALL of Us. Dr. Arshad is in Bowling Green, KY. Gastroenterologist. Limit radiation, xrays, dye contrast . check 2x yr. for liver cancer…find hospital with charity if uninsured, low income. If platelets below 60,000 prefer gym machines AND Elastic Bands to free weights. Remember, no straining. Caution lifting 1 yr. olds, like my nephew at 25 lbs.

    Focus on the solution. Set some goals. We’re here for a long time. Do what you can the second you feel well enough to do so. There can be bumps in the road. Get ready. Receive new diagnosis, information…then move forward.

    Be thankful for the energy and health you have and use it. Help someone less fortunate. Because you can. and it will make you both feel uplifted.

    love to all, mike

  13. George February 8, 2012 at 12:31 pm #

    hi mike -
    i greatly enjoyed your narrative above -
    i too am a big fan of joyce meyer & andrew wommack too – both are highly anointed teachers!
    would love to establish contact w/you and could use an encouraging pen pal! i have ald too – stage 2 they think but biopsy soon to confirm. are you by chance a member of any of the liver disease support websites?
    best wishes -

  14. George February 8, 2012 at 12:28 pm #

    hi mike -
    greatly enjoyed your narrative above -
    i’m a big fan of joyce meyer & andrew wommack too – both are highly anointed teachers!
    would love to establish contact w/you and could use an encouraging pen pal! i have ald too – stage 2 they think but biopsy soon to confirm. are you a member of any of the liver disease support websites?

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