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The University of Science and Technology of China is a new type university established by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) after founding of New China. The establishment of the University aims at fostering high-level personnel of science and technology absolutely necessary for the development of national economy, defense construction, and education in science and technology. The University was founded in Beijing in September of 1958. Mr. Guo Moruo is the first president of the University. The establishment was hailed as “A Major Event in the History of Chinese Education and Science”. CAS has supported the University by combining most of its Institutes with the departments in USTC. CAS has pooled the entire strength of its faculty and its advantages in science and technology for University??s developing. USTC is listed in the top 16 national key universities by the Central Committee of CCP, and it has become a youngest national key university.

In the beginning of 1970, USTC was moved to Hefei, the capital of Anhui Province. Since 1978, USTC has initiated and implemented a series of open and reforming measures with a forward-looking sense and innovative spirit. The University is recovered from the Cultural Revolution and achieved rapid development thereafter. During the period of the 7th and the 8th National Five-year Plan, USTC has been one of the universities enjoying the nation’s priority construction funds.

Since the 1990s, USTC has taken the initiative of adapting to the necessity and challenge of the development of science and technology, education, and social economy. The University frequently deepens the reforms of teaching and scientific research, and makes structural adjustments. In 1995, USTC was approved by the Central Government as one of the first batch of universities obtaining the support of construction in the National 9th Five-year Plan and the “Project 211”. Since 1998, USTC takes an active part in the implementation of CAS “Knowledge Innovation Program”. In June of 1998, President Jiang Zeming inscribed the following words for the 40th anniversary of the University: “Facing the 21st Century, Building a First-class University, and Cultivating Top-level Talent”. His words make greater demands on USTC and create an orientation for USTC. In 1999, USTC was singled out as one of the 9 universities enjoying priority support from the nation’s “Plan of Vitalizing Education Action Geared to the 21st Century”, obtaining unified support and guidance from the CAS, the Ministry of Education, and Anhui Provincial Government. The Plan (Project 985) is aims at supporting the development of high-level universities in China. USTC will spare no effort in building the University into a moderate-scale, high-quality, reasonable-structured, high-level university by 2018, the 60th anniversary of USTC. Until then USTC will turn into an educational and research base in collaboration with CAS and other research institutions for the education of first-class talent possessing innovative capacity and modern knowledge structure. It will be a base with the capacity of knowledge and technology innovation. Since September of 2002, USTC has been implementing its “Project 211” construction during the 10th National Development Plan.

USTC Honorary President is Professor Zhou Guangzhao, Chairman of the China Association of Science and Technology, academician of the CAS. Party Secretary is Professor Guo Chuanjie. Professor Zhu Qingshi, academician of CAS and the Third World Academy of Sciences, chemist, is president of the University.

USTC consistently adheres to the school-running principle of pursuing the national interest and innovative pioneering. The University upholds the combination of science with technology, teaching with research, and theory with practice. In a short period, USTC has turned into a comprehensive national key university of science and technology, with emphasis on the forefront of advanced and new science technology. USTC also offers management studies involved in science and technology and the humanities. With the development of the University, USTC has gradually evolved into an excellent school with the spirit “Studying diligently, making progress both in study and development of moral character”. USTC has made distinguished achievements in talent fostering, scientific research and technology transfer, turning into an important base of high-qualified talent training and high-level scientific research for the nation. USTC has become a large-size scientific research base with the most comprehensive specialties within CAS. And the University is regarded by the Ministry of Science and Technology as one of the 4 universities with best scientific research performance in China. The University ranks among the best in the review of Chinese top universities by the US journal “Science” and French journal “Research”. The late Chinese leader Mr. Deng Xiaoping praised that USTC has been managing very well in possession of many talented young personnel.

The following are the main fields for research development at USTC: In view of the national strategic requirements and the forefront of the international scientific development, USTC offers basic and forward-looking research in mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, astronomy, mechanics, earth and space sciences. At the same time, the University conducts the research of applied science and technology in information and communication engineering, electronic science and technology, thermal science and energy engineering, precision machinery and instrumentation. USTC devotes major efforts to the new and inter-specialty research in nanometer science and technology, quantum information science and technology, life science and technology, safety engineering and technology, application and technology of synchrotron radiation, space science and technology. The University attaches importance to the research of management science, humanities and social science that are closely linked to the natural sciences.

USTC possesses 9 schools, 23 departments, the Special Class for the Gifted Young, the Experimental Class for the Teaching Reform, the Graduate School, School of Management (Beijing), the Software School, School of Network Education, and School of Continuing Education. The University offers 43 undergraduate specialties, 17 first-category Ph.D. degree programs, 89 second-category Ph.D. degree programs, 105 second-category master degree specialties. USTC also boasts of 3 professional master degree specialties of MBA, MPA and Master of Engineering, 17 post-doctoral mobile stations, 45 specialties for the post-doctoral mobile stations. The University is the key base for the education of the Ph.D. students within the CAS. USTC has 17 National Key Disciplines, 4 national bases for basic scientific research and training of the talented teaching personnel in mathematics, physics, mechanics and life science. The University also boasts of 3 national research institutions that are National Synchrotron Radiation Lab, State Key Lab for Fire Science and National High Performance Computing Center. The University has 6 CAS key labs which are Bond-selective Chemistry, Structure Analysis, Structural Biology, Internal Friction and Defects in Solids, Quantum Information, and Mechanical Behavior and Design of Materials. The University also has some key scientific research institutions, such as CAS Research Center for Thermal Safety Engineering and Technology.

The University has more than 3600 faculty and staff numbers, 22 CAS and CAE academicians, 432 professors. The number of students accepting normal higher education at USTC sums up to around 13794, 8243 undergraduate students, 3873 master degree students, and 1498 Ph.D. students among them. Besides, and University has 1575 professional master degree students, 110 post-doctoral fellows and 134 guest professors.

The campuses cover an area of 1.33 million square meters, with 800,000 square meters of building area. The library has a collection of 1.51 million books, 2800 kinds of journal from home and abroad, 60,000 electronic books and 10,300 electronic journals in Chinese or English. The library has established more than 30 network data retrieval systems including SCI, EI, CA, ISTP, INSPEC. A first-class campus computer network is running at the University. There are 5 public experimental centers for teaching and research under the construction, namely the Center of Physical Science, Life Science, Information Science, Engineering and Material Science, and Application of Synchrotron Radiation. The University is facilitated with a batch of important research equipments such as Ultra Low Temperature STM, High-resolution Transmission Electron Microscope, and Super-conducting Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometer. The assets of the whole research instruments and equipment in total values are at around 490 million RMB.

Since the founding of University, USTC has undertaken a large batch of national, ministerial or provincial research projects, and achieved a large number of research results. Since its participation in CAS Experimental Program of Knowledge Innovation, USTC has achieved a batch of important and innovative results in the basic research of nanometer science and technology, quantum information science, life science research, fire science and fire protection technology, polar scientific investigation and research, bio-mass clean energy research. As a result, 3 papers were published in “Nature”, 1 in “Science”. 5 research results won national prizes, namely 1 Follow-up Prize and 1 Third Prize in the National Natural Science Awards, 2 Follow-up Prizes and 1 Third Prize in the National Achievement Awards in Science and Technology. Among these results, “Solvothermal Preparation and Characterization of Nanocrystalline Nonoxides” won Second Prize in the National Natural Science Awards in 2001; “Early Fire Intelligent Monitoring System for Large Space Buildings and Hidden-trouble of Electric Fire Checking System among them among them” and “An Artificial Monitoring and Policy-making Support System for Preventing and Reducing the Calamities of Anhui Povince” both won Follow-up Prize in the National Achievement Awards in Science and Technology. 5 research results has been candidates 7 times for the list of the 10 Major Pieces of Sci-tech News in China, the 10 Major Pieces of News of Basic Research in China, the 10 Major Pieces of Sci-tech News in Chinese Universities, and the 10 Major Achievements in Science and Technology in Chinese Universities. In recent years, the University has solely undertaken or taken part in a lot of national major scientific programs, such as the second-phase project for the National Synchrotron Radiation Lab, HT-7U Super-conducting Tokmak.

USTC has taken a leading position among Chinese universities on the number of research papers published internationally and in the citation rate of the papers. Since 1996, USTC consistently ranks No. 4 on the number of papers included by SCI; Since 1999, the University ranks No. 1 on the number of papers published in the journals with high-impact factor among universities across China. Between 1991 and 2000, USTC ranks No. 1 among Chinese universities on the number of papers published in the internationally distinguished journals of “Science”, “Nature”, “PRL”, and “Jacs”. USTC ranks No. 2 among the universities and research institutions in the world on the number of nanometer-research papers published from 1996 to 2000.

USTC actively encourages and pushes forward transfer of the research results and the industrialization of high and new technology. The University-Region (Enterprise) Cooperation Committee was established for the strengthening of the cooperation with local government and enterprises. The University has established and developed the cooperation relationship with some famous large and medium-sized enterprises, such as Daqing Petroleum Administration, Sinopec, Bao Steel Group, Legend Group, and Haier Group. In total, 16 local governments and enterprises have become members of the USTC-Region (Enterprise) Cooperation Committee. Some research results incubation bases have been established, such as the Hefei National University Garden of Science and Technology, Luohe Hi-tech Garden, Guiyang Industrial Garden of Science and Technology, Shanghai Research and Development Center, and Shenzhen Futian Base of Industry, Teaching and Research. The Anhui Provincial Government and USTC have jointly presented “Province-University Cooperation Program”, fostering the industrialization of technological results. USTC also actively files applications for the “Seed Funds” established by prefectures and cities in China, sparing no efforts in making contribution to the regional economic construction and social development.

The University has concluded agreements of cooperation and exchange with around 100 universities and research institutions in more than 30 nations and regions. Around 300 international experts and scholars will visit USTC every year for lecturing and collaborative research. USTC has sent around 10,000 individual visits to more than 30 nations and regions for study and cooperative research.

16 academic societies are affiliated with the University, including the Synchrotron Radiation Committee under the China Society of Physics, the System Simulation Committee under the China Society of Automation, and the Quantum Optics Committee under the China Society of Physics. The University publishes some important academic journals, such as “Journal of the University of Science and Technology”, “Fire Science”, “Journal of Low Temperature Physics”, “Journal of Chemical Physics”, “Experimental Mechanics”, and “Education and Modernization”.

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