OUR GROUP. Successful transfection and expression of exogenous RXR-alpha gene in the liver was determined by observance of green fluorescence under a confocal microscope, and detection of RXR-alpha protein by immunohistochemistry. Hepatic fibrosis, evaluated by both Sirius red staining with image analysis and quantity of hydroxyproline in livers of RXR-alpha-transfected group, tapered off remarkably. The hydroxyproline content and Sirius red-positive staining area on liver sections from RXR-alpha-transfected mice decreased by 34.3% and 54.63%, respectively, compared with the control group receiving empty vector. The labeling index of BrdU in non-parenchymal cells was much lower in livers from the RXR-alpha-transfected group than that of empty vector-transfected group.