Lupus may involve inflammation of the kidney, called lupus nephritis, which can impair the kidney’s ability to remove waste from the body. Since normal kidney function is vital, lupus nephritis requires aggressive treatments. Currently, the best way to diagnose kidney inflammation is with a biopsy, which is an invasive procedure that can sometimes have serious side effects. If there were tests that could be done to help diagnose and evaluate lupus nephritis without a biopsy, this would be a major advance for patients.
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