Why Americans believe Obama is a Muslim

EAST LANSING, Mich. — There’s something beyond plain old ignorance that motivates Americans to believe President Obama is a Muslim, according to a first-of-its-kind study of smear campaigns led by a Michigan State University psychologist.

The research by Spee Kosloff and colleagues suggests people are most likely to accept such falsehoods, both consciously and unconsciously, when subtle clues remind them of ways in which Obama is different from them, whether because of race, social class or other ideological differences.

These judgments, Kosloff argues, are illogical. He also suggests they are fueled by an “irresponsible” media culture that allows political pundits and “talking heads” to perpetuate the lies.

“Careless or biased media outlets are largely responsible for the propagation of these falsehoods, which catch on like wildfire,” said Kosloff, visiting professor of psychology. “And then social differences can motivate acceptance of these lies.”

A Pew Research Center poll in August 2010 found that 18 percent of Americans believe Obama is a Muslim — up from 11 percent in March 2009 — even though he’s a practicing Christian. Kosloff noted that the poll was conducted before Obama’s recent comments supporting the right for Muslims to build a mosque near New York’s Ground Zero.

Kosloff and colleagues launched their study prior to the 2008 U.S. presidential election, as the candidates were being bombarded with smear campaigns. It’s the first comprehensive experimental study of the psychological factors that motivate Americans to believe the lies. The findings are published in the American Psychological Association’s Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.

In four separate experiments (three before the election and one after), the researchers looked at both conscious and unconscious acceptance of political smears by mostly white, non-Muslim college students. For the conscious trials the participants were shown a false blog report arguing that Obama is a Muslim or a socialist or that John McCain is senile. The unconscious trials involved gauging how rapidly subjects could identify smear-relevant words such as “Muslim” or “turban” after Obama’s name was presented subliminally.

Among the results:

  • On average, participants who supported McCain said there is a 56 percent likelihood Obama is a Muslim. But when they were asked to fill out a demographic card asking for their own race, the likelihood jumped to 77 percent. Kosloff said this shows that simply thinking about a social category that differentiated participants from Obama was enough to get them to believe the smear.
  • Participants undecided about the candidates said there is a 43 percent chance McCain is senile — a number that increased to 73 percent when they simply listed their own age on a card.
  • Undecided participants said there is a 25 percent chance Obama is a socialist — a number that jumped to 62 percent when they considered race. “Even though being a socialist has nothing to do with race,” Kosloff said, “irrationally they tied the two together.”

Kosloff said the increase in belief that Obama is Muslim likely reflects a growing disenchantment with his presidency — a sense that people feel Obama is not on their side.

“When people are unsatisfied with the president — whether it’s the way he’s handling the economy, health care of Afghanistan — our research suggests that this only fuels their readiness to accept untrue rumors,” Kosloff said.

“As his job rating goes down, suggesting that people feel like he’s not ideologically on their side, we see an increase in this irrational belief that he’s a Muslim,” he added. “Unfortunately, in America, many people dislike Muslims so they’ll label Obama as Muslim when they feel different from him.”

The study was done with researchers from the University of Arizona, the University of British Columbia and Leiden University in the Netherlands.


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1 thought on “Why Americans believe Obama is a Muslim”

  1. Add that to the list:
    Top 10 reasons people Think Obama is Muslim:
    1. The whole 57 states thing (maybe he just cant really count)
    2. He bows to Saudi king (he was really just checking out the stains on the sheet)
    3. He campaigned in Kenya for muslim …leadership while a senator ??
    4. He was born a Muslim and attended a Muslim school (hmm)
    …5. He wore traditional Muslim cloths (He likes dresses)
    6. He paid 21 million dollars to endorse a sharia law based constitution in Kenya (thought it was Jude Laws sister)
    7. He made NASAs mission to advocate Muslims contributions to science (He simply spaced this one)
    8. There are videos of him Bible bashing and critisizing Biblical scripture (trying to get the athiest vote)
    9. He has Shunned Israels leadership = embraced Islams (likes to hug men is dresses)
    10. His Name is Barack Hussein Obama II A Muslim name as it appears on his birth certificate (he has one ?)
    11. moved the missiles placed to defend Israel and put them In range of Irans offenses.

    worth a chuckle

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