Researchers find pathway that drives spread of pediatric bone cancer in preclinical studies

BOSTON – Researchers have identified an important signaling pathway that, when blocked, significantly decreases the spread of pediatric bone cancer.

In their study, researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Children’s Cancer Hospital in Houston found that blocking the Notch pathway in mice decreased metastases in the lungs 15-fold. The results of a series of pre-clinical studies were reported Sunday in an oral presentation at the 42nd Congress of the International Society of Pediatric Oncology.

Their research showed that the Notch pathway and Hes1 gene play a key role in promoting the metastasis of osteosarcoma, the most common form of bone cancer in children.

Approximately 400 children and teens under the age of 20 are diagnosed with osteosarcoma annually, and the majority present with cancer that has already metastasized. The primary destination for the cancer to spread is to the lungs, which accounts for more than 35 percent of pediatric patients dying from osteosarcoma.

“Knowing the initial results from blocking Notch in mice, we are encouraged to keep investigating the entire metastasis process, so we can find additional therapies and targets to prevent cancer from spreading and growing,” said Dennis Hughes, M.D., Ph.D., lead investigator and assistant professor at MD Anderson Children’s Cancer Hospital.

In addition to Notch and Hes1’s role in metastasis, Hughes believes that their expression can be correlated with a patient’s prognosis. Hughes conducted a small retrospective study looking at patient samples, and 39 percent of patients with high expression levels of Hes1 survived 10 years versus the 60 percent survival rate for patients who had lower levels.

Ongoing research is studying the impact of various therapies, such as Gamma-secretase inhibitors and histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors, that regulate the Notch pathway and have the potential to affect cancer cell survival. Hughes found that HDAC inhibitors actually increased the Notch pathway in osteosarcoma cells that had low Hes1 expression, which was an unfavorable response in that sample group. However, for cells that presented with high Hes1 expression, where Notch was already maximized, the HDAC inhibitors led to osteosarcoma cell death.

“By defining vital signaling pathways in bone sarcomas, we hope small molecule inhibitors can be applied, leading to longer survival and reducing morbidity and late effects from intensive chemotherapy,” said Hughes.

“We also hope these new findings may apply to other solid tumors such as breast, prostate, colon and more, but we’ll need additional research to determine whether or not that is the case,” he added.

Primary funding for the studies was provided through the Physician-Scientist Program at MD Anderson along with additional support from the Jori Zemel Children’s Bone Tumor Foundation, Hope Street Kids Foundation and Joan Alexander Fund. Other collaborators include Pingyu Zhang, Ph.D., Yanwen Yang, Daniela Katz, M.D., and Patrick Zweidler-McKay, M.D., Ph.D., from MD Anderson Cancer Center as well as Dafydd Thomas, M.D., Ph.D., from the University of Michigan Medical Center.

About MD Anderson

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston ranks as one of the world’s most respected centers focused on cancer patient care, research, education and prevention. MD Anderson is one of only 40 comprehensive cancer centers designated by the National Cancer Institute. For seven of the past nine years, including 2010, MD Anderson has ranked No. 1 in cancer care in “America’s Best Hospitals,” a survey published annually in U.S. News & World Report.

About MD Anderson Children’s Cancer Hospital

The University of Texas MD Anderson Children’s Cancer Hospital has been serving children, adolescents and young adults for more than 65 years. In addition to the groundbreaking research and quality of treatment available to pediatric patients, the nationally ranked Children’s Cancer Hospital provides comprehensive programs that help children lead more normal lives during and after treatment. For further information, visit the Children’s Cancer Hospital Web site at www.mdanderson.org/children

3 COMMENTS

  1. Sorry that my daughter’s death isn’t credible enough for you. You can also read about us at http://www.annieappleseedproject.org. Search Brett Russell/osteosarcoma if you don’t want the full story. We are in the process of filing suit in California for this heiness behavior of everyone involved, including the researchers, doctors, the University as well as the patients and their families who kept silent about the cure and have allowed all these children to die a horrible death. What good are clinical trials, when they are successful and then put on the shelf? The transfer factor vaccine used delivered a 95% CURE rate, not a RESPONSE rate. Five years after the trial in follow-up, only one child wasn’t alive. I have personally spoken with a survivor who is now also a professor at Berkeley. She refuses to tell her story. She was at death’s door, her leg had been amputated, her lungs and brain had multiple tumors, yet here she is, living her life. Speak to ANY oncologist and they will tell you that this is impossible. The only purpose of my book is to let people know about the cancer scam, how to avoid it, and to hold the people responsible for this travesty of justice.

  2. As the parent of a child who died from osteosarcoma, I was disgusted to discover that this disease had been cured in the early 1970’s at Berkeley. It was done with a transfer factor vaccine. I also was infuriated to discover the link between water fluoridation and the rates of osteosarcoma. The experts have failed us miserably. I learned in the most devastating way, that cancer is BIG business and these children are just guinea pigs. I wrote a book about what happened to us titled “How to Survive (and Thrive) in a Toxic World by jeannette russell.. It is available on Amazon. I want to spread the word about the treachery of the pharmaceutical cartel colluding with government, to exploit very sick children for profit.

    • Your credibility suffers when your only reference to back your claims is your book, which is for sale. If you think you have something credible to say, please work on sounding credible, or you won’t be heard at all.

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