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Cow manure harbors diverse new antibiotic resistance genes

Manure from dairy cows, which is commonly used as a farm soil fertilizer, contains a surprising number of newly identified antibiotic resistance genes from...

Microbiome in low birth weight infants differentiate weeks after birth

Low birth weight infants are host to numerous microorganisms immediately after birth, and the microbiomes of their mouths and gut start out very similar...

Target 2 forms of iron to control cystic fibrosis lung infection

The bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa needs iron to establish and maintain a biofilm in the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients, and therapies have been proposed...

H7N9 influenza: History of similar viruses gives cause for concern

The H7N9 avian flu strain that emerged in China earlier this year has subsided for now, but it would be a mistake to be...

Vietnam may be home to new virus affecting nervous system

Patients in Vietnam and other locations with central nervous system infections may well be suffering from the effects of a newly discovered virus, according...

Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology

Researchers Select Microbes to Improve Chocolate It may seem hard to imagine improving on the world's best chocolates, but that is the goal of a team of microbiologists from the Free University of Brussels, Belgium. Raw cocoa beans have an astring...

New class of biomolecules triggered in response to respiratory virus infection

For the first time, scientists have discovered that a poorly understood class of RNA produced in a mammal's cells during a respiratory virus attack may affect the outcome of the infection. Their findings are reported today in mBio, a journal of t...

Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology

New Compound May be Effective Against Chagas' Disease A new compound may offer an effective drug candidate against the deadly tropical infection, Chagas' disease say researchers from Brazil. They report their findings in the August 2010 issue of ...

Researchers find a new way to potentially thwart anthrax

In a new study, NYU School of Medicine researchers have found what may be an Achilles' heel of deadly anthrax -- a system that the bacteria use to communicate their presence to others of their kind. The researchers, Martin Blaser, M.D., the Frederick King Professor and Chairman of the Department of Medicine, and Professor of Microbiology and graduate student Marcus Jones, describe a "quorum-sensing system" in anthrax that is a type of bacterial "calling card." Disrupting this system may open new avenues to prevention and treatment of anthrax, says Dr. Blaser.

Green tea boosts antimicrobial properties of toothpaste

Studies conducted at Pace University have indicated that green tea extracts (GTE) and polyphenol (PP) have an adverse effect on bacteria that cause strep throat, dental caries, and other infections. Additionally, the research suggests that the oral agents such as toothpaste and mouthwash are more effective in fighting pathogenic microbial agents, such as viruses, with the addition of GTE and PP. Researchers present their findings today at the 103rd General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology.

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