Home Tags Chemical signals

Tag: chemical signals

Seeking social genes

In order understand the evolution of complex societies, researchers are sequencing the genomes of social insects. The most recent data, published this week in the Early Edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, come from several sp...

Scientists find the ‘master switch’ for key immune cells in inflammatory...

Scientists have identified a protein that acts as a "master switch" in certain white blood cells, determining whether they promote or inhibit inflammation. The study, published in the journal Nature Immunology, could help researchers look for new tr...

Genetic trait could triple odds of whites’ susceptibility to heavy cocaine...

COLUMBUS, Ohio -- Nearly one in five whites could carry a genetic variant that substantially increases their odds of being susceptible to severe cocaine abuse, according to new research. This genetic variant, characterized by one or both of two...

Learning the language of bacteria

MADISON -- Bacteria are among the simplest organisms in nature, but many of them can still talk to each other, using a chemical "language" that is critical to the process of infection. Sending and receiving chemical signals allows bacteria to mind...

Cell membranes behave like cornstarch and water

Mix two parts cornstarch and one part water. Swirl your fingers in it slowly and the mixture is a smoothly flowing liquid. Punch it quickly with your fist and you meet a rubbery solid -- so solid you can jump up and down on a vat of it. It t...

Progress toward treating infections by silencing microbes’ ‘smart phones’

So disease-causing bacteria in the body finally have multiplied to the point where their numbers are large enough to cause illness. What's next? They get out their "smart phones" and whisper "Let's roll!" That's how an article in ACS' monthly Chemic...

New evidence that fat cells are not just dormant storage depots...

Scientists are reporting new evidence that the fat tissue in those spare tires and lower belly pooches -- far from being a dormant storage depot for surplus calories -- is an active organ that sends chemical signals to other parts of the body, p...

New evidence that fat cells are not just dormant storage depots...

Scientists are reporting new evidence that the fat tissue in those spare tires and lower belly pooches -- far from being a dormant storage depot for surplus calories -- is an active organ that sends chemical signals to other parts of the body, p...

Pheromones Create a 'Chemical Image' in the Brain

For the first time, researchers have eavesdropped on the brains of mice as they go about the normal behaviors of detecting the subtle chemical signals called pheromones from other animals. The researchers have discovered that the animals' pheromone-processing machinery in the brain forms, in essence, a specific "pheromonal image" of another animal. Such an "image" of another animal's sex, identity, social standing and female reproductive status governs a range of mating, fighting, maternal-infant bonding and other behaviors. The scientists said that the specificity they discovered in the neurons that process pheromonal signals is akin to the "face neurons" in the visual areas of primate brains that are specifically triggered by facial features of other animals.

Another job discovered for a master metabolic off-switch

Researchers have discovered that an important cellular "off-switch" that desensitizes receptors on the cell surface also regulates a second deactivation mechanism that had not been suspected before. Their finding that the off-switch, known as beta-arrestin, operates in two distinct ways may hint at a broader set of regulatory roles for the molecule.

Get more stuff like this
in your inbox

From anti-aging to the search for alien life, we promise to never bore.