Common genetic influences for ADHD and reading disability

Milan, Italy, 8 December 2010 — Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and developmental reading disability (RD) are complex childhood disorders that frequently occur together; if a child is experiencing trouble with reading, symptoms of …

Widening our perceptions of reading and writing difficulties

Milan, Italy, 8 December 2010 — Learning to read and write are complex processes, which can be disrupted in various ways, leading to disorders known as dyslexia and dysgraphia. Two new studies, published in a recent special issue of Elsevier’s Cor…

Smoking may thin the brain

Philadelphia, PA, 2 December 2010 – Many brain imaging studies have reported that tobacco smoking is associated with large-scale and wide-spread structural brain abnormalities.
The cerebral cortex is a specific area of the brain responsible for m…

New research from Psychological Science

Effects of Adult Attachment and Emotional Distractors on Brain Mechanisms of Cognitive Control
Stacie L. Warren, Kelly K. Bost, Glenn I. Roisman, Rebecca Levin Silton, Jeffrey M. Spielberg, Anna S. Engels, Eunsil Choi, Bradley P. Sutton, Gregory A….

The more someone smokes, the smaller the number of gray cells

Is there a relation between the structure of specific regions of the brain and nicotine dependence? This is the question researchers of the Charité — Universitätsmedizin Berlin and of the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) Berlin have b…

The brain needs to remember faces in 3-dimensions

Milan, 9 September, 2010 — In our dynamic 3D world, we can encounter a familiar face from any angle and still recognize that face with ease, even if the person has, for example, changed his hair style. This is because our brain has used the 2D sna…

There is more to motor imagery than mental simulation

Milan, 9 September 2010 — The human brain is a powerful simulation machine. Sports professionals and amateurs alike are well aware of the advantages of mentally rehearsing a movement prior to its execution and it is not surprising that the phenome…

Gene scan finds link across array of childhood brain disorders

Mutations in a single gene can cause several types of developmental brain abnormalities that experts have traditionally considered different disorders. With support from the National Institutes of Health, researchers found those mutations through w…

World’s Oldest Monkeys May Explain Age-related Mental Decline

Scientists may have discovered why the brain’s higher information-processing center slows down in old age, affecting everything from language, to vision, to motor skills. The findings may also point toward drugs for reversing the process.
A brain chemical called GABA helps neurons stay finicky about which signals they respond to – a must for the brain to function at its peak. Certain neurons in very old macaque monkeys lose their pickiness, researchers have found, seemingly because they don’t get enough GABA. These results appear in the journal Science, published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).

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