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ATS issues report on emerging issues in HIV-associated pulmonary disease

The American Thoracic Society has released a new report detailing recent global changes in the management of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated pulmonary disease. The report examines the evolving landscape of HIV and its associated diseas...

Anti-clotting agent does not improve outcomes of patients with severe pneumonia

Use of the blood clot-inhibiting medication tifacogin does not appear to improve outcomes of patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia (sCAP), according to a study conducted by researchers from North and South America, Europe, Asia and Afric...

Asthma tied to bacterial communities in the airway

Asthma may have a surprising relationship with the composition of the species of bacteria that inhabit bronchial airways, a finding that could suggest new treatment or even potential cures for the common inflammatory disease, according to a new UCSF...

Cigarette smoking increases production of mucus in patients with bronchitis

Cigarette smoking has been linked with overproduction of mucus associated with chronic bronchitis, according to a study conducted by researchers in New Mexico. The study indicates cigarette smoke suppresses a protein that causes the natural death of...

Safety checklist use yields 10 percent drop in hospital deaths

A Johns Hopkins-led safety checklist program that virtually eliminated bloodstream infections in hospital intensive-care units throughout Michigan appears to have also reduced deaths by 10 percent, a new study suggests. Although prior research showe...

More doctors must join nurses, administrators in leading efforts to improve...

Efforts to keep hospital patients safe and continually improve the overall results of health care can't work unless medical centers figure out a way to get physicians more involved in the process. "Physicians' training and perspectives on patient ...

Pitt study: End-of-life decisions take longer if patient hasn’t shared wishes...

PITTSBURGH, Jan. 18 -- Family caregivers who had not discussed life support measures with critically ill patients took nearly two weeks longer to decide to forego further medical intervention than those who had prior conversations about the issue...

Researchers show how Alzheimer’s plaques lead to loss of nitric oxide...

PITTSBURGH, Jan. 10 -- A researcher at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, in collaboration with scientists from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), has discovered that the deadly plaques of Alzheimer's disease interact with certa...

ATS issues statement on the treatment of pulmonary fungal infections

The American Thoracic Society has released a new official clinical policy statement on the treatment of fungal infections in adult pulmonary and critical care patients. The statement replaces ATS guidelines published in 1988, and takes into account ...

New test announced for major killer of lung transplant patients

ANN ARBOR, Mich. -- A lung transplant can mean a new chance at life. But many who receive one develop a debilitating, fatal condition that causes scar tissue to build up in the lungs and chokes off the ability to breathe. University of Michigan ...

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