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Brown tide culprit sequenced: Genome of the first of algal bloom...

Algae play key roles in the global carbon cycle, helping sequester significant amounts of carbon. Some algal species can bloom, or become so numerous, that they discolor coastal waters and reduce the amount of light and oxygen available in the e...

Earliest humans not so different from us, research suggests

That human evolution follows a progressive trajectory is one of the most deeply-entrenched assumptions about our species. This assumption is often expressed in popular media by showing cavemen speaking in grunts and monosyllables (the GEICO Cavemen ...

Salivary glands as organs of immunity: New research makes oral immunization...

If you don't like shots or needles, you're in luck. New research published online in The FASEB Journal (http://www.fasebj.org) gives the development of new oral vaccinations a shot in the arm thanks to discoveries involving the salivary glands of mi...

Key difference in how TB bacteria degrade doomed proteins

UPTON, NY -- Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory and Stony Brook University have discovered a key difference in the way human cells and Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria, which cause TB, deliver unw...

Study provides data that can inform Atlantic sturgeon recovery efforts

STONY BROOK, NY, October 6, 2010 - A first-of-its-kind study that tracked the oceanic migrations of adult Atlantic sturgeon that were caught and tagged in the Hudson River discovered that these fish move vast distances in the Atlantic Ocean, trave...

Ritalin improves brain function, task performance in cocaine abusers

UPTON, NY -- A brain-scanning study at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory, conducted with collaborators from Stony Brook University, reveals that an oral dose of methylphenidate, commonly known as Ritalin, improve...

Congressman, CSHL president urge quick action to reverse judicial embryonic stem...

Cold Spring Harbor, NY -- Against a backdrop of some of the world's most sophisticated biological research labs, Rep. Steve Israel (D-Huntington) this morning issued a challenge to his colleagues in Congress: immediately upon their return from summ...

Extreme darkness: Carbon nanotube forest covers NIST’s ultra-dark detector

NIST will use the new ultra-dark detector, described in a new paper in Nano Letters,* to make precision laser power measurements for advanced technologies such as optical communications, laser-based manufacturing, solar energy conversion, and in...

Diabetes, blood pressure increase risk of eye disease among blacks

People of African ancestry who have high blood pressure and high blood plasma glucose levels are at increased risk for diabetic retinopathy, and those with diabetes and high blood pressure are at increased risk for elevated intraocular pressure. These are the conclusions of two studies appearing in the May issue of Ophthalmology, the clinical journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology, the Eye M.D. Association.

Researchers achieve germline transmission of ‘gene knockdown’ in mice

RNA interference (RNAi) has emerged as an extremely versatile and powerful tool in biomedical research. A new study published in the February issue of Nature Structural Biology reports the creation of transgenic mice in which inherited RNAi lowers or silences the expression of a target gene, producing a stable "gene knockdown." This finding extends the power of RNAi to genetic studies in live animals, and has far-reaching implications for the study and treatment of many human diseases.

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