Energy Farming Summit 2009

Energy Farming Summit 2009

Plants use photosynthesis to convert solar energy into chemical energy. It is stored in the form of oils, carbohydrates, proteins, etc. This plant energy is converted to Biofuels. Hence Biofuels are primarily a form of solar energy. Biofuels among other sources of renewable energy is drawing interest as alternative to fossil diesel. With an increasing number of governments now supporting this cause in the form of mandates and other policy initiatives the biofuel industry is poised to grow at a phenomenal rate. The total energy mix of the future will be more regenerative and sustainable. The generation and storage of renewable energy will be the fastest growing sector in energy market for next 20 years. The market volume of renewable energy worldwide will increase from US$ 95.8 billion in 2007 to US$ 124.4 billion in 2010 and reach US$ 198.1 billion by 2015. For biofuels to succeed at replacing large quantities of petroleum fuel, the feedstock availability needs to be as high as possible. There is an urgent need to design integrated energy farms that are capable of producing fuel & fertilizers besides FOOD & feed. These energy farms should be established on waste/barren lands and should need least resources like fresh water or chemical fertilizers.

As the energy crops grow they take in CO2 from the air; when they are burned the CO2 is returned to the air, creating a balanced system.
Growdiesel Climate Care Council is pleased to invite you to the inaugural International Summit on Energy Farming to be held on 12th & 13th April 2009 at New Delhi, India. The Summit is focused on adopting financially viable energy farming activity for generating feedstock for next generation of Biofuels besides producing fertilizers, food & feed.
Energy Farming Summit 2009 shall launch an innovative decentralized “Integrated Energy Farming & Biorefinery Model” to create millions of jobs, revive the world economy, slash poverty and avert environmental disasters as a result of global warming. The noble plan –which will be formally launched during the summit, shall call on world leaders, economists, strategists and key policy makers to promote a massive redirection of investment away from the speculation into food, fuel and job-creating programmes to restore the natural systems that underpin the world economy.
About 2% of Indian land area put into Energy Farming could supply all current demands for oil and gas without adding any net carbon dioxide to the atmosphere.
India’s incremental energy demand for the next decade is projected to be among the highest in the world, spurred by sustained economic growth, rise in income levels and increased availability of goods and services. India’s oil & gas industry is estimated at about US$ 140 billion; a large domestic market where demand outstrips supply. As per projections, India’s crude oil requirement shall rise to 225 million tonnes by 2020.The import of oil is expected to increase to 80-85% by 2020 from the current level of 73%. Energy farming has potential to create energy independence for India and other countries besides creating unforeseen opportunities for millions of poor people across the globe.

Energy Farming Summit 2009 will be an excellent platform to disseminate information regarding recent research and development activities in the fields of Algae Farming, Methane Farming, Jatropha Farming and Biomass Farming for Biofuel Industry. Biofuels are emerging as a trillion dollar futuristic industry. The summit shall offer many value added opportunities for investors, entrepreneurs and Biofuel companies, renewable fuel experts, their associates and academia to share their valuable experiences and knowledge.

Integrated energy farming for fuel, fertilizer, food and animal feed is better and more sustainable than only food farming or fuel farming. Energy Farming Summit 2009 shall guide farmers, entrepreneurs and corporate to develop an in-depth understanding about this futuristic and one of the most attractive recession free opportunity.

Key Topics of Discussion at the Summit

• A Brief introduction to Energy Farming
• Potential of energy farming for Fuel, Fertilizer, Food and Feed
• Jatropha a non-food energy crop– An introduction
• Is Jatropha a viable & sustainable Option for Biofuels: Critical Analysis of Jatropha Farming- Practical lessons learned during last 5 years
• Jatropha propagation-comparison of various techniques- from seeds, vegetative propagation & tissue culture
• Best Practices for Jatropha plantation, maintenance, harvesting, oil expelling & conversion to biodiesel
• Integrating Jatropha plantation in an energy farm- A viable business model
• Prospects of Algae- Farming for Oil
• Potential for Biofuels from Algae
• Algal Strain Selection and development of Algae Mass Culture Techniques for Biofuel Production
• Developing a low cost novel & High Productivity Enclosed Hybrid System for algae farming for oil
• Convert CO2 emission to Fuel- Developing a process for algae farming using industrial plant flue gases – An approach toward Emission to Biofuel
• Production of dietary food supplements for healthy heart & lowering LDL blood cholesterol from algae
• Developing milk, poultry and other food products with high percentage of good cholesterol using high protein algae cake as animal feed.
• Fuelling 21st century with Methane Farming
• Recent developments in methane farming for energy
• Viable feedstocks for methane farming
• A high efficiency multi-feedstock anaerobic digester for continuous Biogas production from cow-dung, waste woody biomass, food-waste etc.
• Technological advancements to purify, compress and bottle methane for using as motor fuel and cooking gas – An excellent project to replace LPG & Petrol
• Economic viability of establishing a compressed methane/CNG dispensing station
• Separation of CO2 from methane & feeding it to algae farm
• Utilizing digested slurry as food for algae farm
• Production of high quality manure from anaerobic digester slurry and using it as an alternate to conventional fertilizers
• Making haste with waste- Biomass to Biofuel
• Creating a strategy for large scale collection of biomass
• Innovative technologies to extract energy from Biomass-
– Combustion
– Gasification
– Pyrolysis
– Hydrolysis
– Thermo chemical processing
– Direct Hydrothermal Liquefaction

• Developing a process for extracting nutrients from municipal/industrial waste water before safe discharge in river streams & using the resultant biomass for Bioenergy production.
• An innovative thermal gasification system for converting Biomass to Syngas & using it for heat & power generation
• A novel BTL process to convert biomass to Bio crude oil & converting this bio crude to Jet-Fuel and Green Diesel.

For more details pl. contact [email protected] or [email protected]
Energy Farming News

Investing in Algae Biofuel Stocks
Algae, Algae, Algae, its going to save the U.S. from our dependence upon fossil fuels, mainly oil, right? Maybe, so let’s review the stocks and companies you need to know about for Algae Biofuel Goodness.
For those of you that want to know the companies and could care less about our analysis or comments – fair enough, here they are:

Infant algae industry makes its case as alternative fuel source
A 75-gallon tank of goo was one of the stars of last summer’s Farnborough International Air Show in England.
As airlines ordered hundreds of planes worth billions of dollars at the world’s largest air show, the tank, or bioreactor, was a near-perfect breeding ground for what could become the fuel of the future: the lowly algae.
Aerospace companies and airlines are betting that algae — simple organisms that come in some 30,000 species, many of which can be genetically modified — will prove to be a green fuel that can power jet planes. Algae also could be blended into diesel and gasoline, and perhaps could even replace petroleum-based diesel and gasoline one day.
Continental set for first biofuel flight
The flight will carry no passengers, and the aircraft will be partially powered by a fuel blend derived partly from the algae and jatropha plants.
The demonstration flight will be the first biofuel-powered flight by a commercial carrier using algae as a fuel source and the first using a two-engine aircraft, a Boeing 737-800 equipped with CFM International CFM56-7B engines, according to Continental (NYSE: CAL). The fuel used in one of the two engines will be a blend of 50 percent traditional jet fuel and 50 percent biofuel from algae and jatropha, while the other will have just jet fuel.
Continental said it has worked for nine months with the other groups on research, production and testing of the biofuel.
Algae as biofuel meeting set

Colorado Field Institute (CFI), in cooperation with San Luis Valley RC&D and Colorado State University, is sponsoring a program on how rural Colorado can benefit from the use of algae as a biofuel on Wed., Dec. 10 from 7-9 p.m. in Alamosa at Adams State College, Porter Hall (science & math building), Room 130.

“What’s the Bio in Biodiesel?” will be presented by Jeff Veres, president and Chris Reim, vice president of American Bioresources LLC. The discussion will focus on ABR’s technology application, the potential positive economic impact on producers and the practical wisdom of growing algae. A complement to the

Peering into the future seldom produces a clear picture, but this is not the case with Biofuels, whose long-term impacts on the global economy appear pretty clear. The future for biofuels is secure; the question is what feedstock for biodiesel is sustainable and profitable in the long term. As sustainable alternatives are sought in a bid to enhance energy security while reducing carbon emissions, the focus of researchers has shifted to “next generation” Biodiesels – those not made from food crops such as soy or palm.

Algae farming for oil is the next biggest opportunity for the Biofuel industry. Algae, like corn, soybeans, sugar cane, Jatropha, and other plants, use photosynthesis to convert solar energy into chemical energy. They store this energy in the form of oils, carbohydrates, and proteins. The plant oil can be converted to biodiesel; hence biodiesel is a form of solar energy. The more efficient a particular plant is at converting that solar energy into chemical energy, the better it is from a biodiesel perspective, and algae are among the most photosynthetically efficient plants on earth.
According to the U.S. Department of Energy, these slimy aquatic organisms may yield 10 to 100 times more oil than conventional oilseed crops, like soy and rapeseed, or tree borne oil sources, like Jatropha and palm.

While Jatropha takes 3-5 years to reach an economical yield, algae take just 3-5 days to start producing the first oil harvest. Algae have a simple cellular structure, a lipid-rich composition and a rapid reproduction rate. In addition, many algae species can grow in saltwater and other harsh conditions — whereas soy and corn require arable land and fresh water, which will be in increasingly short supply as the world’s population balloons.
1. Algae Mass Culture Techniques
2. Algae as an energy source – Potential for Biofuels from Algae
3. Commercial and industrial uses of Algae
4. Microalgae Biotechnology in Industrial Applications
5. Biofuels: Pros & Cons – Sustainability factors in technological, economical, social & regulatory environments
6. Novel & High Productivity Algal Photobioreactors
7. Financial Modelling for the Complete Biomass to Fuel Process
8. Types of Microalgae based Biofuels
9. Algal Strain Selection & Improvement for Biofuel Production
10. Algae Biodiesel from wastewater treatment ponds
11. CO2 mitigation and Renewable oil production from photosynthetic microbes
12. Algae’s potential for Driving a Carbon Capture and Recycle Industry
13. Algae Conversion to Biofuels – The Challenges
14. Global Algae culture collections
15. Evolution of concepts in mass production of photoautotrophic microalgae
16. Lipid Production from microalgae, strain selection, induction of lipid synthesis and outdoor growth
17. Emissions to biofuels process and technology update
18. Production of Marine unicellular algae from power plant flue gas – An approach toward biodiesel and bioethanol
19. An integrated process for the capture and use of CO2 from flue gas using microalgae
20. Microalgae in animal feeding & aquaculture
21. Even when the sun doesn’t shine – Algae cultivation without sunlight
22. Industrial photobioreactor design around the globe
23. On the relative efficiency of two stage vs. one stage production of astaxanthin from the green microalga Haematococcuss pluvialis
24. Effects of Algae dietary fat supplements on the fatty acid composition of milk products from dairy animals
25. Value added products from Algae
26. Spirulina farming and its health benefits
27. Is an Algae Biofuel project a solution to the fuel vs. food debate?
28. Venture funding for Algae Biofuel projects
29. Small vs. large: What is the right size of an Algae Biofuel project?
30. Economics of a large scale Algae Biofuel project
31. Right product mix for Algae Biofuel projects
32. Getting a “Yes” answer from a venture capitalist for an Algae Biofuel project
33. Growth opportunities for Algae Biofuel projects
34. Strategic locations for Algae Biofuel projects
35. Carbon credit based funding for Algae Biofuel projects
36. Enclosed Photobioreactors vs. open ponds – which is the right technology for commercial Algae Biofuel projects?
37. Integrating Algae Biofuel projects with dairy, piggery, poultry and aquaculture farms
38. Is it possible to Integrate Algae Biofuel projects with solar, hydro or wind power projects?

Energy Farming News
Investing in Algae Biofuel Stocks
Algae, Algae, Algae, its going to save the U.S. from our dependence upon fossil fuels, mainly oil, right? Maybe, so let’s review the stocks and companies you need to know about for Algae Biofuel Goodness.
For those of you that want to know the companies and could care less about our analysis or comments – fair enough, here they are.
Researchers Check Long Island Sound Algae As Biodiesel Source
Algae might be near the bottom on the totem pole of life, but they could someday help power your car, and researchers from the University of New Haven will use a state grant to find out if any species found in Long Island Sound could become a viable source of biodiesel fuel.

“There are several [species] that hold promise,” said associate Professor Carmella Cuomo, the principal investigator and coordinator of the marine biology program at the university.

Research into the uses of algae is blooming around the world, but this is the first time that anyone has studied whether what grows in Long Island Sound can be used for biofuel, Cuomo said.
In one sense, we already use algae for fuel: The oil we depend on started out as diatoms and other marine organisms, dating back hundreds of millions of years, Cuomo said. The organisms wound up on the ocean bottom, preserved in sediments, transformed into rock by geologic forces, pushed around on the shifting planet and eventually “cracked” — heated to the point where they turned into oil.

Algae fuel, also called algal fuel, oilgae, algaeoleum or third generation biofuel, is a biofuel from algae. Compared with second generation biofuels, algae are high-yield high-cost (30 times more energy per acre than terrestrial crops) feedstocks to produce biofuels. Since the whole organism uses sunlight to produce lipids, or oil, algae can produce more oil in an area the size of a two-car garage than an entire football field of soybeans.
Though there are many factors to overcome for algae to be a wide-spread source of energy, several positive factors can already be considered. Algal fuels do not impact fresh water resources, and can use ocean and wastewater. The cost of various algae species is typically between US$5–10 per kg dry weight,with research actively looking to reduce capital and operating costs and make algae oil production commercially viable.
Currently most research into efficient algal-oil production is being done in the private sector, but predictions from small scale production experiments bear out that using algae to produce biodiesel may be the only viable method by which to produce enough automotive fuel to replace current world diesel usage.
Microalgae have much faster growth-rates than terrestrial crops. The per unit area yield of oil from algae is estimated to be from between 5,000 to 20,000 gallons per acre, per year (4.6 to 18.4 l/m2 per year); this is 7 to 30 times greater than the next best crop, Chinese tallow (699 gallons).
Algae can also grow on marginal lands, such as in desert areas where the groundwater is saline.
Open-pond systems for the most part have been given up for the cultivation of algae with high-oil content. Many believe that a major flaw of the Aquatic Species Program was the decision to focus their efforts exclusively on open-ponds; this makes the entire effort dependent upon the hardiness of the strain chosen, requiring it to be unnecessarily resilient in order to withstand wide swings in temperature and pH, and competition from invasive algae and bacteria. Open systems using a monoculture are also vulnerable to viral infection. The energy that a high-oil strain invests into the production of oil is energy that is not invested into the production of proteins or carbohydrates, usually resulting in the species being less hardy, or having a slower growth rate. Algal species with a lower oil content, not having to divert their energies away from growth, have an easier time in the harsher conditions of an open system.
Research into algae for the mass-production of oil is mainly focused on microalgae; organisms capable of photosynthesis that are less than 0.4 mm in diameter, including the diatoms and cyanobacteria; as opposed to macroalgae, e.g. seaweed. However, some research is being done into using seaweeds for biofuels, probably due to the high availability of this resource. This preference towards microalgae is due largely to its less complex structure, fast growth rate, and high oil content (for some species). Some commercial interests into large scale algal-cultivation systems are looking to tie in to existing infrastructures, such as coal power plants or sewage treatment facilities. This approach not only provides the raw materials for the system, such as CO2 and nutrients; but it changes those wastes into resources.

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