Bacteria help infants digest milk more effectively than adults

Infants are more efficient at digesting and utilizing nutritional components of milk than adults due to a difference in the strains of bacteria that dominate their digestive tracts. Researchers from the University of California, Davis, and Utah Stat…

Not so fast — sex differences in the brain are overblown

People love to speculate about differences between the sexes, and neuroscience has brought a new technology to this pastime. Brain imaging studies are published at a great rate, and some report sex differences in brain structure or patterns of neura…

Blacks less likely to benefit from high-tech treatments for rapid heartbeat

Testing to guide treatment of rapid heart rhythms leads to poorer survival in blacks than in whites, according to research published in today’s rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association. Lead author Andrea M. Russo, M.D., says blacks were much more likely to refuse implantable cardioverter-defibrillators or ICDs when doctors recommended the devices, which may explain some of the survival difference.

Study challenges Japanese conceptions of U.S. rice

Japanese consumers know rice. And nearly 80 percent of them “know” that California grown rice is inferior to domestically produced rice, and maintain they can tell the difference. The perception plays a significant part in justifying Japanese trade restrictions on imported rice. But can they really tell the difference? “The answer is, ‘no,'” said Ken Chinen, professor of international business at California State University, Sacramento. “In blind tests they cannot tell the difference even though they say they can.”

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