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Researchers form new nerve cells – directly in the brain

The field of cell therapy, which aims to form new cells in the body in order to cure disease, has taken another important step...

Feet first? Old mitochondria might be responsible for neuropathy in the...

The burning, tingling pain of neuropathy may affect feet and hands before other body parts because the powerhouses of nerve cells that supply the extremities age and become dysfunctional as they complete the long journey to these areas, Johns Hopkin...

Silk moth’s antenna inspires new nanotech tool with applications in Alzheimer’s...

ANN ARBOR, Mich.---By mimicking the structure of the silk moth's antenna, University of Michigan researchers led the development of a better nanopore---a tiny tunnel-shaped tool that could advance understanding of a class of neurodegenerative di...

ISU research raises hope for solving Parkinson’s disease puzzle

AMES, Iowa - A protein pathway that may hold the secret to understanding Parkinson's disease has been discovered and explained by Iowa State University researchers. Anumantha Kanthasamy, a distinguished professor of biomedical sciences and t...

Immune molecule regulates brain connections

The number of connections between nerve cells in the brain can be regulated by an immune system molecule, according to a new study from UC Davis. The research, published Feb. 27 in the journal Nature Neuroscience, reveals a potential link between i...

2 drugs protect hearing better than 1

Whether on a battlefield, in a factory or at a rock concert, noise-induced hearing loss is one of the most common hazards people face. Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified a low-dose, two-drug cockta...

A new clue to the genetics of bipolar disorder: Piccolo

Philadelphia, PA, 23 February 2011 - Understanding the genetics of bipolar disorder could lead to new treatments, but identifying specific genetic variations associated with this disorder has been challenging. A new study in Biological Psychiatry...

Rewrite the textbooks

Neurons are complicated, but the basic functional concept is that synapses transmit electrical signals to the dendrites and cell body (input), and axons carry signals away (output). In one of many surprise findings, Northwestern University scientist...

Partnership of genes affects the brain’s development

The human brain consists of approximately one hundred billion nerve cells. Each of these cells needs to connect to specific other cells during the brain's development in order to form a fully functional organism. Yet how does a nerve cell know w...

Living in the matrix: Sugar residues regulate growth and survival of...

Brain and spinal cord comprise more than just nerve cells. The extracellular matrix, a complex scaffold of proteins with sugar residues, surrounds the cells and influences their well-being. Prof. Wiese's team is interested in the interaction of ...

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