Science and Technology in Ancient India


Information about science and technology in ancient India are given. The internet links for additional information are also provided.


Men of older generation used to say that all knowledge is there in the Vedas. Anyone who hears such words will have the first reaction that it is an over confident statement. We should remember here that any sloka in the ancient Hindu manuscripts has more than one meaning.

A Sloka in the 10th book of Rig Veda appears to be written for praising Lord Indra. The technical translation of that Sloka gives the value of pi up to 28 digits accurately. It is not until the invention of the computers that the western mathematicians could get this value up to 16 digits accurately. Here is a test for those who think that a computer can do any calculation. Use the fastest computer available to you and write a program to calculate the value of pi up to 28 digits accurately. You will know how difficult it is.

There were many inventions in the field of science and technology in ancient India. Since many persons of the present generation does not know them, they will be described briefly to enable the readers to have the basic understanding about them.


Who invented Calculus? The western books say that Newton invented Calculus. You can see the Sanskrit mathematics texts by Arya Bhatta and Bhaskaracharya which were written many centuries before Newton that they contain Calculus. For that matter, who invented numbers? The Indians. The ancient Romans did not know the number zero. Ancient Indians knew very large numbers like Mahogham (1 followed by 62 zeros) and the corresponding smaller decimal fractions. Paavuloori Mallana of 12th century wrote Ganitha Sastram in Telugu. One poem in the book starts like this:

“Sara sasi shatka chandra sara saayaka ….”

The meaning appears to be a poetic description of nature. Each word used in the poem has a methematical terminology meaning. It deals with a methematical problem. One grain is placed in the first square of the chess board. Double of that number, are placed in the second square, and so on. How many grains have to be placed in the last square? The poem gives the answer as 18446744073709551614 which is equal to 2 to the power 63.

Who invented Nuclear Physics?

Buddhist teacher Pakudha Katyayana taught atomic theory. Maharshi Kanaada of 3rd century, B.C. wrote atomic theory in Vaiseshika Sutras. Agni Purana gives smaller magnitudes. The smallest of them is called Paramaanu which nearly equals one billionth part of a meter. This value tallies with the size of an organic
molecule calculated by the western scientists. According to the Upanishads, the five elements of the nature are Earth, Water, Air, Fire and Akasa. (The ancient Greek or Roman philosophers did not know Akasa). One can easily guess that the Earth represents the solid state, the Water the liquid state and the Air
the gaseous state. The Fire is the plasma, the fourth state of matter. Western science has not recognized nuclear state as a state of matter, even though some nuclear particles are stable; Akasa means nuclear state. In the ancient Sanskrit text named Anu Sidhdhantam, Maharshi Goutama described three models of
micro-scopes through which atoms and electrons can be seen.

Who were the first to calculate the velocity of light?

The Rig Veda Bhashyam by Sayana Madhava gives the following Sloka praising the Sun:

Yojanam sahasre dve, satadve, dvecha yojane Ekena nimeshardhena kramamaana namosthuthe One Yojana equals 15788.8 meters, and half of Nimesha equals 8/75 fraction of a second. This gives the velocity of light as 325940 km/s. We have to remember here that the above value is an approximate one intended for easy
remembrance, like remembering the value of pi as 22/7. It is better than the value 215000 km/s given by Danish astronomer Ole Roemer in 1676. Having discovered so many things, it is only logical to expect that our ancestors must have used light as the standard for length measurements; after all, modern science considers velocity of light to be a Universal Constant! The word “kramamaana” of the above Sloka has the hidden meaning of gradual minute change. This will be dealt a little later.

Who invented weaving? Many experts agree that primitive gins and spinning wheels originated in India. The earliest samples of cotton fabric were found in the excavations of the Indus Valley. Samples of the most ancient mordant dyeing technique for cotton fabrics, Kalamkari, were also found there. The Kalamkari technique was perfected in South India and the traditional method continues till date. The Puranas describe spinning and weaving that match the modern concept of an industry. The weaving industry involved specialized factories working in association with domestic industries and paid at piece rates. The fibers used for spinning and the fabrics produced were of the most varied types, unparalleled in any other country during that period. Indians were exceptional for their skills in spinning and weaving which have not been surpassed by peoples of other lands even in historic past. Pliny’s Natural History informs that India exported to Rome large quantities of sheep wool, woolen fabrics, colored carpets, silks, cotton clothes, and fabrics ranging from coarse canvas to textiles of the finest texture. Ancient Indians had the reputation of making the thinnest saree that could pass through a finger ring. During the reign of Julius Caesar, the Roman Emperor, the British did not know weaving and lived naked.

Who invented the guns?

Some people in medieval Europe heard of powerful fire
weapons of the India. Marco Polo (in 13th century) was
financed by the king of his country with the specific
purpose of finding the secret of the Indian fire
weapons. Marco Polo was given gold coins and precious
stones. He also brought some prostitutes to woo people,
if necessary. He first tried to find the secret in the
Punjab region. They pointed a gun at him saying ” Get
out of our country. Else, we will shoot you with this
very gun”. He then came to south India and tried for
the secret. The south Indians were more tolerant. They
told him that the secret is not known to the public.
The engineers who made the guns reside in the king’s
fort generations. The guns were kept in the armory and
the public might not have even seen a gun. The guns
were brought out only at the time of emergency like a
war. A few persons gave hint to Marco Polo that the
knowledge of making gun powder was given to the Chinese
when some Indians visited them in ancient times. Then
Marco Polo went to China, but he could not find any
guns there. The gun powder was used there for making
some festival fire crackers and rockets. He took
samples of the gun powder and returned to Europe. We
know that the gun powder consists of niter, sulphur and
charcoal powder. Natural niter was scarce in Europe,
and what they could get from other lands was not that
pure. The world’s purest niter in its natural state is
available in the mines of India. The other problems
faced by the Europeans in making the guns are lack of
good metallic alloys to make the bodies of the guns and
the non-availability of good machine tools for making
them. Manufacture of the guns fell into temporary
oblivion because most of them back-fired or exploded.
How did the British conquer India? Not with their guns.
The first war between the Indians and the British took
place at Mysore during reign of Hyder Ali. The
casualties on the British side was 90 percent and those
on the Indian side was 10 percent. The British realized
that their weapons were inferior to those used by the
Indians. The Indians had rockets and missiles besides
guns and cannons. What is a Sathagni? Most of us think
that it is cannon. Satha means 100 and Agni means fire;
it is a missile containing 100 bullets. It is launched
from a cannon. It explodes after reaching its
destination. Sanskrit manuscripts like Sukra Neethi
Sastra contain many formulas for making gun powder. The
first item exported by the then British East India
company was Indian niter.

According to Sir A. M. Eliot and Heinrich Brunnhofer (a
German Indologist) and Gustav Oppert, all of whom have
stated that ancient Hindus knew the use of gunpowder.
Eliot tells us that the Arabs learnt the manufacture of
gunpowder from India, and that before their Indian
connection they had used arrows of naptha. It is also
argued that though Persia possessed saltpetre in
abundance, the original home of gunpowder was India. In
the light of the above remarks we can trace the
evolution of fire-arms in the ancient India.

Who invented the ships?

Some persons may argue what is a ship. Read the
definition of a ship:

Europe has only soft wood trees. The ships made of
those woods are good for sailing the Mediterranean or a
smaller sea. They are no good for sailing on the
oceans. The ship of Vasco de Gama was about to collapse
when it reached India. It is the Indian marine
engineers who repaired that ship and made it worthy
again for sea travel. Which country has the trees that
provide the hardest wood? India. The Sanskrit name for
deodar tree was Deva Tharu, the tree that gives the
best wood; it is native to India. Other hard woods like
teak and mahogany are also native to India.

J. Ovington, Chaplain to the British King, the
seventeenth-century English traveler, who visited
Surat, wrote a book “A Voyage to Surat in the Year
1689”. He was impressed by the skill of the Indians in
ship-building and found that they even outshone
Europeans. The timber used by the Indians was so strong
that it would not ‘crack’ even by the force of a bullet
so he urged the English to use that timber ‘to help
them in war’. Indian Teak stood firmer than the English
Oak, remarked Ovington.

Rig Veda mentions ships with 100 oars. Such ships
sailed over seven oceans and returned to India.
Visitors to India from Greece and Rome during the
pre-Christian times wrote that the Brahmins of India
knew that the earth is in the form of a globe and one
can reach the same place after sailing through the
seven oceans. The Buddhist Jataka stories wrote about
large Indian ships carrying seven hundred people. In
the Artha Sastra, Koutilya wrote about the Board of
Shipping and the Commissioner of Port who supervised
sea traffic. The Harivamsa informs that the first
geographical survey of the world was performed during
the period of Vaivasvata. The towns, villages and
demarcation of agricultural land of that period were
depicted on maps. Brahmanda Purana provides the best
and the most detailed description of world map drawn on
a flat surface using an accurate scale. Padma Purana
says that world maps were prepared and maintained in
book form and kept with care and safety in chests.
Surya Siddhantha speaks about construction of wooden
globe representing earth and marking of horizontal
circles, equatorial circles and further divisions. The
second item exported by the erst while British East
India Company was Indian ship. A few of these ships are
still in service, and are used for training cadets of
the British Navy. During World War II, Maharajas of
India have lent some hundreds of their ships to the
British for use as hospital ships.

Who invented steel?

The Rig Veda mentions “wootz” steel. Evidence for the
manufacture of steel in ancient times is available in
South India. The Arabians used to make a lot of money
by selling Indian steel ingots to Europe. In 1746, the
queen of Britain had sent a scientist named Benjamin
Hauntsman to India to obtain the secret of making
steel. Hauntsman stayed in India for some years, went
back to Britain and submitted a report to the queen.
Some historic records say that he did not write the
main secret and he started his foundry in his native
town. How the secret reached Henry Bessemer is
unnecessary for us because his process was essentially
the Indian crucible method of making steel. Another
Indian contribution to industries in Europe was the
process of casting. The frames of machine tools of that
time were made of wood. Good mechanical devices like
clocks did exist in Britain as early as 1300s. They
were works of skilled crafts persons and were not
products of precision machine tools. It was not until
the structures of the machine tools were cast using
Indian casting method and their other components were
made of hard metals using Indian steel making method,
the high precision machine tools could be made. The so
called Industrial Revolution of Europe in the 1800s
heavily depended on this.

Who invented the aircraft?

India had many ancient Sanskrit texts on aeronautics.
The Yantra Sarvaswa of Maharshi Bharadwaja, Vimaana
Chandrika of Maharshi Narayan, Vyoma Yaana Tantra of
Sounaka, and Vyoma Yaanarka of Dandi Natha are some of
them. They contained topics like Maargadhi Karana
(Navigation and control of speed during flight),
Lohaadhi Karana (alloys used for various components of
the aircraft) and Saktyaadhi Karana (production and
usage of various fuels used in aircrafts). Para Sabda
Grahakata is a subject of monitoring the flight tracks
of aircrafts, navigatory communication system, and
monitoring the conversation of the pilots in the
aircrafts. Maharshi Gouthama mentioned 32 models of
aircrafts used in Treta Yuga; only one model among
them, called Pushpaka Vimaanam, became popular in the
Ramayana. The Vaimaanika Sastra describes Tripura
Vimaanam that uses solar powered engine to travel at
three levels – on the land, under the surface of water,
and in the air. Sakuna Vimaanam is a cross between an
aircraft and a rocket – a space shuttle. The British
have robbed most of our Sanskrit manuscripts during
their rule in India. In 1895, Sivasankar Thalpad of
Bombay had constructed an aircraft with an engine which
flew to an altitude of 1500 feet. He was a Vedic
scholar and used to teach at the J.J. School of Arts.
He obtained the technology from some rare Sanskrit
manuscripts. He also wrote a book in Marathi named
Praacheena Vimaana Vidye Chaasodha. Lalaji Rayanji,
Maharaja of Baroda, was one of the many witnesses who
had seen the flying of that aircraft. After the
untimely death of Prof.Thalpad, his legal heirs sold
all his scripts and materials to the British. (You can
check the year of flying of Wright Brothers).

Who invented powder metallurgy?

The Indians. The iron pillar in Delhi which does not
get rust even today is the proof for it. It is not the
only one of its kind; there are many more scattered
through out in India. The Russians who took scrapings
from the pillar confirmed that it is made using powder
metallurgy technology. The so called space-age
technology of today can make only small pieces using
powder metallurgy; they are generally used as tips in
cutting tools. How could our ancients make such a big
pillar using powder metallurgy? The pillar is like a
time capsule – it is challenging the world. Can we rise
to the pinnacles of achievement to which our ancients
had reached?

Who invented nuclear weapons? You may have heard about
the great Astras mentioned in our Puranas. But you may
not have read about them in detail:

“The Mahabharata – an ancient Indian epic compiled
3000 years ago – contains a reference to a
terrible weapon. Regrettably, in our age of the
atomic bomb, the description of this weapon
exploding will not appear to be an exaggeration:
‘…. a blazing shaft possessed of the effulgence
of a smokeless fire (was) let off…’. That was
how this weapon was perceived. The consequences of
its use also evoke involuntary associations. ‘…
This makes the bodies of the dead unidentifiable.
… The survivors lose their nails and hair, and
their food becomes unfit for eating. For several
subsequent years the Sun, the stars and the sky
remain shrouded with clouds and bad weather’. This
weapon was known as the Weapon of Brahma or the
Flame of Indra……”[1].

Who invented plastic surgery? The Indians. It is fully
described by Maharshi Susruta, the ancient Ayurvedic
surgeon, in his Samhita. Who invented acupuncture? The
Indians. Who invented the martial arts? The Indians.
Who invented the remote sensing and imaging techniques?
The Indians. Who discovered Advanced Astrology? The
Indians. Who discovered Advanced Astronomy? The
Indians. Who discovered Groundwater Hydrology? The
Indians. We can read Brihat Samhita of Varaha Mihira;
the Indian method is better than the modern techniques
of using space satellites. Who were the first to
construct planned cities with high technology
infrastructures for water supply and sewerage? The
Indians. Who invented the hanging bridges? The Indians.
Chinese who visited India a few thousands of years ago
wrote about our hanging bridges which used steel beams
and steel ropes. Who discovered higher philosophy? The
Indians. Were there Doora Sravana and Doora Darsana
machines in ancient India? Yes. Did our ancients knew
radars and laser weapons? Yes, the techology was given
in the Sanskrit manuscript Samarangana Sutra Dhara.
Who discovered Irrigation Engineering? Another name for
India was Yilaa Varta. The hidden meaning of this name
is Jala Maaruta, the country of water laden winds. No
other country in the world has monsoons. The rainfall
in India is more than the total rainfall in the rest of
the world. India is the land of mighty rivers – and
that in a very large number that outnumber all other
countrie. In the olden days, the water flow rate in the
Ganga exceeded that of any other river in the world.
The people of South India built and maintained an
extensive system of irrigation tanks and associated
canals with extraordinary managerial and social skills.
They shared the waters following the ways of nature
from time immemorial. Construction of small dams at
every possible location was carried out with such
completeness that a British engineer of the 19th
century thought that it would be impossible to add
another tank to that irrigation system. It was a marvel
of Indian engineering and human cooperation. Nothing
like it existed else where in the world at any time in
the past. While peasants of other countries broke their
backs to reap one harvest, the Indians produced two or
three bumper crops a year. The harvest in the Krishna
and Kauvery river basins was large enough to meet the
needs of rest of our country during periods of crisis.
Visitors from Europe and China in pre-Christian times
wrote that India was a land of plenty. Our Buddhist and
Jain religious records also say the same thing. Who
were the first to postulate the infinity of the
universe and the plurality of inhabited worlds like the
earth? The Indians. The Vishnu Purana says that the
earth is merely one of thousands of millions of
inhabited worlds like itself to be found in the


Why India was called Bhaarata Desam? Most of the people
of the present generation think that India was named
after emperor Bharata. This interpretation is probably
not very old, may be some hundreds of years. Is there
any other land in the world which is named after a
male? Religions of all lands treat the earth as a
female, the mother goddess. Before the spread of
Christianity, all countries in Europe were named after
the local mother goddesses. The same is true for all
other lands in the world. Among all countries in the
world, India has inherited the largest number of
ancient manuscripts from time immemorial. They were
written on the widest range of subjects known to
humans. Indians were the originators of all higher
knowledge in the ancient times. What is impossible for
our Maharshis of yore? A Telugu poet wrote the
following line: “Pogadaraa nee thalli bhoomi
Bhaarathini” – praise your mother land Bhaarati! India
was named after Bhaarati (Saraswati), the goddess of
knowledge. No other ancient civilization of the world
could claim this coveted title. The world’s oldest
educational institutions were located in India, and
scholars from China and Europe used to come here for
learning. Another hidden meaning of the name Yilaa
Varta is Bhaarati Aalaya, the temple of goddess

So much for the psyche of the Indians, but we are
psychosomatic beings. The mind is in-separable from the
body. Hence, is there anything in the bodies of Indians
which shows the blessings of goddess Bhaarati? Yes.
During the second word war, the British military
doctors who conducted autopsy on the dead found that
the pineal gland of the Indians is much larger than
that in the British. The pineal gland is the third eye.
It is the seat of higher knowledge according to the
esoteric teachings in medieval Europe. Sanskrit texts
on Yoga and Tantra also say the same thing. The largest
group among foreign computer programmers in the U.S.A.
at present are the Indians, they account for more than

The Birla Science Center at Hyderabad has produced some
alloys after studying some Hindu manuscripts like
“Vimaana Sastra” and “Amsu Bodhini”. The alloys possess
some extra-ordinary properties which are unknown to the
western countries.
Indian aeronautics

How are the next generation computers are going to be
designed? We have a dual-core Pentium processor which
is replacing the old one. But, the development will not
be faster that way, because they still use electron
currents. We all know that light travels faster than
electron current. When they use laser flows instead of
electron flow using Raman Effect discovered by Sir
C.V.Raman, Nobel Laureate, the next big revolution in
making computers will take place. Some researchers in
U.S.A. are already working in this line. The next
drawback in a computer is that the Numeric Co-Processor
in the C.P.U. works according to arithmetic logic. We
know that the result of multiplying an eight digit
number with another eight digit number cannot be
obtained in one step. But ancient India knows a very
unique method which gives this answer in one step – the
Vedic mathematics. If the Numeric Co-Processor was to
be designed using Vedic mathematics, each personal
computer will work like a super computer even with the
present day computer hardware.


Our ancient seers did not use light as a standard for
length measurement. Albert Einstain found that light
bends if it passes by the side of a large mass. How can
that “which bends” be called unchangeable? Every
created thing is subject to change by time; there is
nothing like an universal constant. And the velocity of
light is no exception to this law. The velocity of
light of our Sun was greater in Krita Yuga than what it
is now, even if it is by a small fraction. The velocity
of light is proportional to the stored energy in the
Sun or any other star. Modern science also accepts that
the Sun has lost a lot of energy over billions of
years. Then, there must be some other stars in the
universe which have greater stored energies than the
Sun, and are emitting light which is faster than that
of the Sun? Yes. Modern science will confirm this after
it develops more sophisticated equipment than what they
have at present.

Why then are we not able to use our own ancient knowledge?
It is a law of nature that everything in creation must go
through cycles of time. The period of light must be
followed by a period of darkness, and the period of
wakefulness must be followed by a period of sleep. And the
period of happiness must by followed by a period of
sorrow; otherwise, the human mind will not give the due
value to happiness. After a period of sorrow, the
happiness that comes next will be much more heartening.
Hence, according to that law, the higher psyche of Indians
is at sleep now. Will it wake up in the near future? Can
we see it during our own life time? Yes. Some astrologers,
both Indian and Western, have predicted that India will
awaken to a part of its prestigious glory in about two
decades from now. One visioner wrote:

“(In India), good character and culture will be
inculcated in all spheres of life. …. Due to the
scientific progress achieved by India and her increased
amity with America, Indian society will shed its
degenerate culture and become progressive. By 2020,
Indian society would have significantly expanded its
thinking. …. Spiritual books, originating from India,
will become extremely popular and command a global
audience. From 2010, winds of spiritualism will blow
across the entire world, awakening more and more people
in its wake. Where limits of (modern) science end,
spiritualism begins. …. Along with scientific
progress, intellectuals will start recognizing the
importance of spiritualism. …. From 2050, a new era
will begin….”[2].

I have also done some astrological calculations and
agree to the lines quoted above. This is further
backed-up by science and technology in our Hindu
scriptures. They are the invaluable assets given by our
ancestors. They will definitely help India to rise.


[1] Alexander Gorbovsky, Riddles of Ancient
History, The Sputnik Magazine, Moscow, Sept. 1986,
p. 137.

[2] Swami Dattavadhut, Prophecies 1998 to 2100,
Vanita Books, Mumbai, 1997, pp. 33-42.

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96 thoughts on “Science and Technology in Ancient India”

  1. Very well written. I am a Computer Science and Computational Math major at UCLA and am very interested in knowing more about this and the Vedas in general. Is there any way we can get in touch? Maybe through e-mail. I aspire to teach a class on a subject like this one day some where.


  2. impressed, i dont blame other for the situation of our country now, its our responsibility to showcase our country…we are not born to be slaves…earlier they(britishers) ruled we get out of our country and still rule by them…

  3. better to use this knowledge , all knows we were best than why we the children of such a great nation are diverting to west ?
    actually our government must do something to taught our school going children that most of the discoveries which are claimed by western world are actually rediscovery of the knowledge which we our self can’t preserve.

  4. Thanks to the author who has written this, we the people who has read this blog for sure they gonna gain some thing about our vedas. good initiative has done by the author.
    Can i know the good author name who has taken great effort to write this???

  5. try going through Satyarth Prakash. A book by Maharshi dayanand Saraswati. especially ch-6. its awesome. though parts of d book may seem offending to some people, reading it on an unbiased note will surely make one believe that INDIA IS THE BEST.

  6. thank you for this great article that represent ourselves can u tell more about scientific achivements of india i tooooooooooooooooooooooo much interested .

  7. i would like to know which book have detailed description of all the above mentioned facts,and also some other books which clearly mentions the ancient India technology

  8. Very good & well written article. One fact which disturbs me is that all such facts are confirmed by foreigners(mostly British, Germans). Several other things which exist but not confirmed by these western countries are just discarded on the basis of not having scientific base, but we hindus works mostly with intuitions help. How can they explain this………..

  9. Shatha kodi pranaams to the author of this blog. As foretold a new era will begin by 2050 … I will definitely do my part to raise awareness among Indians…..

    Thanks again..

  10. ancient indian agriculture/vedic agriculture has been revived and developed in india for large scale farming. this ethod does not use any of the current inpouts for agriculture.
    this method converts alll types of to called toxic pollutants/efffluents as inputs.

    residue free food is derived.
    this is not understood by indian agriculture experts as they do not have be mind set to understand it.

    this is also the current state of indian people.

  11. Aathma is the one thing that is real. Just try to realize the power of Aathma and connect it with the real spirit, which is having control over everything happening.

    All of the above contents have mostly been succeeded by doing this.

    Hope to see some good recognition to Indian ancient technology, which was achieved by connecting the Aathma with the real spirit.

  12. TRINITY means the three gods as per hinduism man-made…brahma, the creator, vishnu, the preserver, sivan, the destroyer…..But,brahma is piramai the illusion, vishnu is only the another name of sivan he preserve us all providing heat, sivan, the destroyer yes he can destroy as well. There are stories attached telling us all to believe there were three men in the past….artificially created stories but the one and only truth is the same thing that is “illusion”. Who made the five elements still “illusion”….piramai is called as piraman in tamizh the another name of sivan or eesan. He was the inspiration.

    • Thiru in tamizh means “holy” this title is still used. “Tri”is formed from thiru…nity or nithy is “money” , neethi in tamizh means “judgement” or “justice”. All attached with disicipline. “trinity”.

  13. it is not bharatha of bharat it is only paratham…”par” means the spreaded, the vast area that is the area occupied the whole globe, this earth. “paarukkul” means inside this earth. “ul” means inside. So, PAR IS ULAKAM, THIS EARTH IN TAMIZH. Parvati means the one goddess(water) who rules this earth, goddess saraswati has no role to play here. Vimaanam means the spreaded sky…”Vaanam”, aakaayam” means sky in tamizh. Whatever, only crooked hearts can only rule this world. “paraulakam” means the vast area occupied by this earth (ulakam). “paramporul” means the thing that is the fire that occupies the vast area of this earth. Again, “paartheepan” has also the same meaning. “Paramchothee” is also the same. “chothee” means fire or the “burning fire”…So, “Para” is a pure tamizh word. “parapiramam” means the illusion that is attached to this earth everywhere. “piramam” means illusion. Sivan is also worshipped as “umpara” also, this is an ancient word used by the ancient people. So, the name of bharatam should be “paaraatham”…”aatham” means “the end”. We tamizhians can not do anything now.

    • “parathanaatyam” not “bharatanaatyam” the meaning “dancing art of sivan”(fire). one of 5 elements the fire its ever-moving hands, the inspiration for an art so divine.

    • sivan is also called as “paramapitha” means the “father with glory who is everywhere”..the sky, the heat, the water, the air, the land….everything. Katavul or God means the one who is deep inside dwelling…surely the core of this earth because kata “uL” …this “uL” means inside….that is the “core”…the bubbling and boiling gravy of fire. We can not reach their. Yes!!!! sivan the reddish flame of fire still so alive..we can never reach him or touch him. He can touch us anytime if he is angry uncontrollable. KATAVUL this word is formed with divine truth….We are suffering even now in this world of sin.

  14. I am not Indian however following 35 years being guided by divine truth (love) – I have recently come to the conclusion that India holds the key to our future. The awakening is happening now just as you predict.
    God is consciousness (love) – however in his quest for perfection he made natural errors in his evolution.
    However he has now realized that to be perfect love he must be selfish – as to be so ensures the safety of his children.
    Everything is being resolved now – the future WILL be greater than you could possibly imagine – your Father Loves you.

    • Father never do mistake…only his kids. So, the kids have to change now. He is guiding us always as usual, we only gone on wrong path all these days.

    • how can i ever explore everything if my father was not sowing the seeds in my brain. He is lovable always. He wanted to explore too but he could not fight with evil hearts of this cruel world. I am happy that he is happy now away from this world of sin.

    • Where there is Love there is God. No doubt about it. Gods can come in the form of humans also, but we do not understand them. There are so many unbelievable humanbeings on earth with magical and divine powers. I would like to meet such people and seek knowledge. I believe and like to know more and more spiritual world than religious world. I also believe souls never die. The important thing here is to find out its presence. I would like to explore to know the “truth”.


  16. It is disappointing that this generation is unaware of these things and our education system does not tell us about these things and our wicked government does not make efforts to regain that vast knowledge. we can be on top of the world only if we can retrieve our vast knowledge and believe in ourselves.

  17. Its great to know that Such interested topics are available on the internet and people with such unique taste and mind to write down Glory of Science through historic point of view…

    Glad to Know I am not alone…

    One can also visit to read some more topics like Walking on Water, TajMahal Foundation@ History & Ancient Indian Science

  18. indian people not aware about their ancient glory in every subject of science. So indians are following western lifestyle. India have everything but cannot use it properly. We should spread our vedic culture and do a lifestyle according to vedas.
    India was superpower and will be the superpower and viswaguru agin. I hope

  19. i want to buy a padmapuran book in marathi onnlyyy where can i find it plz repy ……..(9820004943) this is my contact numbaer i reside in mumbai

  20. Each culture likes to think of itself as the most intelligent, the most ancient, most learned, etc., while overlooking the contributions of other equally intelligent and creative cultures. While it’s important to take pride in the achievements of our ancestors, it is also arrogant to assume they were surperior to other people. Every culture on this planet has made some important discovery that contributes to our current knowledge; whether it is mathematics, astronomy, medicine, history, etc. Certainly some have been overlooked, which is a tradgedy of its own.

    • its not arrogance. Its about exploitation and sufferings of tamizhians under the aryan rule.

      The GREAT TRUTH is hidden in our Tamizh literature. Aryans are by nature very very cunning people. No one can understand them. Its very very difficult. They capture the “brain” i mean they attack the brain and make it sleep forever. People are made to remain forever the “coma” patients.

      We do not humiliate anyone, any culture. We appreciate all.

      • You must know that In india only resided ‘aryans’,It’s a false negotation that they came from somewhere else and these discoveries are of aryans .Tarnizh etc are all group of people who belonged to bharat

    • India was certainly overlooked. Have you ever heard some one saying that india invented something, no!!! all you see is Newton, albert einstein etc

  21. If It is a law of nature that everything in creation must go
    through cycles of time. The period of light must be
    followed by a period of darkness …even then we have to Make an Effort to come in to the Period of Light…and I am God Sure that We will make it.

    • please come in india I will give u prove that every discover was done by indian alreayy thousond year ago
      I wish dat u will come
      if you need my address
      I mail me
      I will give u

  22. Ayurveda the oldest, complete medicinal system. Influenced many counteries like Greece, China, Arabia, Tibet, Persia

  23. Dearest of dear,

    Knowlede belongs to all and it should be shared, not for sell and buy.
    As far as I am concerned ,universe is unimmagined ,I mean to say it contains more than even to our immagination.Counting glory is not a bad thing ,it encourages us to do some more.History is always for realization,we should not blame but learn from past and do the best.If something is being invented for sake of goodness than it belongs to masses,please dont hide,you will definite get reward directly or indirectly.It is our responsibility to add valuse to human being.We have obsorbed from past that selfishness always destroyed the culture ,knowldge etc.It is definte that Bhart’s treasure is hidden in VED,PURAN,UPNISAD etc.It is a beautiful step to involve in,we have to find the remaining thing whatever is not being used by human kind but might exits there because knowldge has no limit.Give the world as much as possible and never count.

    “Chama shobhti us bhujang ko jiske pas garal ho wo kya dant hin bish hin”

    Love for all ,
    Sona Kashyap
    “Conquer over gravity ,we will get the all!”

  24. The contents in the article are not athishaya. It is true only. We are ready to praise Western countries and not mother India. That is the fate in all fields and levels. One more small secret….. our great epics and other works are nothing but our history. In contrast to the idea, Aryans also are Indians only and not traitors. Hey… Western followers… To substantiate this, good number of foreign writers have also written this… search and have a paramanu quantity of knowledge about India. Good luck to next generation….!

  25. I loved the article. I respect it too. Now the readers can realize that India was much ,much and innumerous times ahead of any othe country in Science and Technology right from the ancient times.The reason why we people feel our contry is subordinate becoz we fee everything western is superior.Due to emotional,cultural and linguistic domination by the british colonial powers in India we have a language-barrier within our own country an do not know anything bout’ it as these old books were written in rich Indian languages.And yes this is a proven true material of info because the Vedas and Puranas give a clear description of the presence of scientific knowledge especially medical in them.Many countries including the many famous nations have misused and cheated our knowledge n accomplishments.Shame on them ! ! ! !

  26. Dear Critics and Readers of this Article

    For all those who are disagreeing please read what author is trying to say in one of the para
    “Why then are we not able to use our own ancient knowledge?
    It is a law of nature that everything in creation must go
    through cycles of time. The period of light must be
    followed by a period of darkness, and the period of
    wakefulness must be followed by a period of sleep. And the
    period of happiness must by followed by a period of
    sorrow; otherwise, the human mind will not give the due
    value to happiness. After a period of sorrow, the
    happiness that comes next will be much more heartening.
    Hence, according to that law, the higher psyche of Indians
    is at sleep now. Will it wake up in the near future? Can
    we see it during our own life time? Yes. Some astrologers,
    both Indian and Western, have predicted that India will
    awaken to a part of its prestigious glory in about two
    decades from now.

    So the moral is it has been already said that it will take time for people to believe it since we are in the era of ignorance. So when the right time will come these things will work.


  27. sorry seems I have got some spellings incorrect(*metallurgy) and some errors in sentence structuring. Was never good at writing anyways. :P

  28. I did try to do some research with authentic sources (by sources I mean books written by proper authority and not Wikipedia or web junks) and can come to the conclusion that may be you are mixing up lot of facts with lot of fictions buddy.
    Although I was not able to find the references of all the above mentioned but what I found was,-
    1. The claims of the mathematical achievements are true. Although the claims of the derivations of the Calculus entirely is a bit cocky. But they did work with some primitive form of calculus it seems. No reference I was able to gather on calculating the speed of light. (I am in a neutral stand and not saying no as of now. But still its quite impossible. Ancient Indians although did truly great work with the derivation of pi and other mathematical formulas and information given in Wikipedia is authentic.)
    2. The concept of “Anu” and “Paramanu” is their in ancient India, but buddy they dont exactly define atoms. They do define “Paramanu” do be the smallest unit of matter but hey, the concept so many flaws that I am compelled to seriously deny your claim on this.
    3. Who invented guns? You got me on this. Still it seems the agreed perception has its tilt towards chinese in spite of the claim by Sir A. M. Eliot and Heinrich Brunnhofer. But yes it seems indian epics do talk about strange weapons having uncanny similarity with the modern weapons but no points given until proven (seriously, who wont laugh if you claim the nuclear bomb explosion in “mohenjodaro” 2000 years ago or ICBM (strange weapons like “brahmastra” “pasuoat??” “narayan…(i forgor the name of the weapon)” but still now its only the food for thought for the alien enthusiasts)
    But if we dont go into controversy then ancient indian weapons seems to be the best in the world considering any other civilization (including Romans they say!!!!) at the time of alexanders invasion ancient indians seems to use 3 types of bow for different ranges and purposes. (and I kept thinking Indians are goons who only sat inside their homes and rubbed their head to death to figure out math!!!hehe)

    4. Steel …. 100% to India. Artifacts recovered seems to be 1500BCE old and Indian really seems to be supreme in the art of mettalurgy. The iron pillar of “Delhi” is a marvel and the seamless globes seems to prove the fact. (Seriously I never knew “Damaskus” steel was actually produced in India)
    5.Who invented aircraft? I am planning to claim the feat for myself. That experiment in Mumbai that has been talked about has no written records and seems to have floated as a news from the spectators!!!! and also it crashed!!! No points for indians.
    6. Your list seems to go on and on. But many of the inventions are actually done independently by different civilizations. and Yes Plastic surgery was done first by an Indian. (A nose job performed some 2500 years ago)

    Lastly, Its good to look into the past and bloat that your country was the richest in the world for 4000 years. But what is its situation right now? 70% people under poverty? 128 rank in GDP per person? Dont get inflated by the past deeds but what it is right now.

    Good Luck!!!

    • Oh really so what do you have to say about the radioactive skeletons found in India, the timescales corraspond to the Geeta. Oppenheimer even quoted a verse from the Geeta when his atomic bomb went off. He even said this is the first atomic bomb, in MODERN TIMES. Shame.
      Whos reponsible for India’s poverty. The British are. Wheres our kohininoor diamond(the biggest diamond IN THE WOLRD) on ur fat queen’s head. We used to export cotton clothes to the world. Until the british stole our concept and started to mass produce cotton. Nice try though.

  29. What?!?

    Indians did not invent calculus: Egyptians and Greeks worked on problem/ideas in calculus before the Indians. The Indians did make some contribution along with middle easterners and Chinese Importantly, Newton and Leibniz comprehensively and rigorously covered the topic of calculus and produced the fundamental theorem of calculus.

    Indians did come up with the idea of zero from a void: both the Babylonians and at least one important Greek astronomer had some of the concept of zero and used it.

    They did not find the speed of light.

    Not sure about the atomic theory (seems interesting) but I know others came up with the idea of irreducible matter.

    yeah I’m sure the Vedas are an awesome work but India is not the center of everything

  30. C boss to those who r accepting this and who are not accepting this article.

    If u study the situation of our past and the how it degraded then u will definitely get the way to rise back.
    C don’t count the inventions made, count how the inventions made, how was the social& political system of that time which help our ancient Scientist and Engineers to invent these inventions. How it degraded, who made it degraded and what r the ways they adopted to degrade it. Study it we will get the reason, once u find out the reason correct it. Boss u got the solution for current problems.

  31. your pity only extends to women? its men who endure far more health hazards and have greater mortality. Far more crime happens to men and you just accept this? It shouldn’t matter what the gender of the victim is. Also women are violent too, in the family. if you want to call India culturaly backwards… whatever. Bit don’t think the men have it great.

  32. update it in wikipedia with proper source references, thats where many people in order to find information.You started the blog saying that many people don’t know about the stuff you are writing, if you want many people to know then go to wikipedia.

    If you don’t have credible sources then pls don’t write about it.

  33. The fact still remains that even after 60 some years of independence, a majority of Indians live blow poverty line and below standard level of education. Youth is still running after to get to US or some developed nation. In hundreds of villages, women still carry water on their heads, still get abused by men, by husband, by inlaws, by office managers, and by common men on streets. Who cares about this past glory if we cannot provide drinking water, proper shelter, basic food so that people do not have to beg. No one looks at your past glory when they see beggars, as young as 3 or 4 year old, on the street. SHAME on such glory.

    Even if we invented those things, where are we now? Why did we not use that knowledge?

    Looks like people are just putting meaning behind those words to related to modern science. Is there an authentic proof of all those things that this articles is claiming??

    Get us basic necessities and mutual respect before boasting on past glory. Case closed.

    • Hey u shameless 2 say shame on past glory.Ask and think a 100 times b4 u speak.Do u knw who is the culprit behind our poverty the greeedy British who drained every single drop of our wealth.Neways u shameless creature should never try 2 write rubbish and poison the minds of our innocent readers.Cheeeee……….

  34. i wish we could get access to the original ancient scripts. or at least authentic copies. i’d love to read such stuff and contemplate over it. more than that, i’d like to know the techniques of R AND D that our ancestors used. that would be a great pointer.

    1. i totally agree that our ancestors were geniuses.
    2. i also agree with (somebody who commented that) we are not united at the moment.
    3. the only purpose that such an article (if it is 100% authentic) is to inspire us to build a better future. but if you’re hoping to get some publicity for India, then it’s worthless. as that won’t solve our current problems. incidently, i’d like to find out whether the ancients of India had ever imagined a situation like ours ( over-populated country with huge gap between the poor and the rich).. i’d like to know what they have to say on these issues.

  35. Thanks for the article & I always believed something in my imagination/thoughts about the scenarios where mentioned in this very article. Today I found finally, what I thought!

    After the huge destruction/ natural disasters, there will be the beginning of a strong era with the GLORY.

    See you!

  36. This is a great compilation.
    For your information, Wright Brothers are born British and are Americans by nationality.
    && hey Mr.Anonymous, for your kind information, Maya is the architect of Suras’ and not Asuras’. It is evident that u have “a little” knowledge on ancient epics & history.
    Also, Taj Mahal is not a Muslim tomb. If it has been built for 22 years, did Mumtaz asked to build the tomb for her at her wedding?.
    The fact is that, Taj Mahal has been built by Hindu rulers and is restructured/enhanced by the muslim rulers

  37. Good to see someone do some research on our historical achievements and post them. Having said that, I disagree with the underlying motivation here. Whats the point trying to prove that we “were” better than the westerners ? I don’t agree with the “us” versus “them” way of thinking about things. Science permeates human boundaries. There may be different kinds of sciences and ours might have been more advanced than theirs ( Btw, you definitely seem to be getting carried away in your jingoism to prove things. You haven’t offered enough details to prove some of the points ). But what matters is where we are today and where we will go tomorrow. If we compare ourselves to our ancestors its a shame the way we have degenerated to the present state of affairs. Whatever the approach of western science, they live better than us and dictate terms to us. That is the contemporary definition of success unless we can prove it otherwise.

  38. Thiru Vasagam was written (actually sung) by
    Manikkavasagar of Tamilnadu in the period 7-9 th century A.D.
    Spiritual verses on Saiva Siddhantha.
    In which he exclaims
    “The size of the of Universe is beyond comprehension and Oval.
    It is like the dust particles floating in the air seen in the
    the array of light which entered into a house through a hole
    in the roof ”
    Interesting ah!
    But they searched beyond something this physics and
    Astro physics.
    Found it and lived the life full of bliss.

  39. Dear Authorji,
    You seem to be getting carried away at many places . This is not the way to prove that Indians are the best – by imagining a mythical or real past where Indians were indeed great.

    The first war the British fought with the Indians was Mysore ?
    Really ?
    How did the British find Mysore ? Did they airdrop themselves to the precise borders of Hyder Ali’s Mysore ? Ohh Ok they airdropped themselves using an ancient Indian parachute into the territorry of the Nizam or the Marathas at midnight under the cover of darkness.
    To understand this you need to know about Calcutta,Bombay and Madras ‘Presidencies’ and then you will get a bit of background to talk about that part of Indian history.
    And interestingly ,if you dont know the recent past of Indian history , how can you comment on the ancient.

    The Aryans didnt invade India or they mercilessly invaded . That doesnt solve India’s problems does it ?

    And where are your sources for the slokas – you could have focused on the mathematical or scientific progress etc without getting irrational because of your jingoism. Dont tell me the Mayan pyramids were made by Maya – the architect of asuras . Please !!!

  40. Its a good compilation of information all-together .
    But at the same time , we need to think of what is next ?
    We are great in past , but past is gone and we have to work in present to make our future glorious.

    WE should plan and try to apply this free source of knowledge and bring our glorious India back.

    Proud Indian

  41. This article is no doubt assume. I would say lots of countries like (britain and america) doing research on vedas. They know these vedas are full of knowledge.
    On contrary what we are doing just relaying on the other countries f to invent. Ofcourse serving other countries too for their research on the same things which solely belongs to INDIA.
    Why we wait for America to change the Arithmetic unit by so called vedic unit. Raman had made his discovery way long back. now its almost 30 year and no significant research from INDIA(in field of tech.). Now a days INDIA is seen as service based area not Product based.
    Somebody need to come in front and start new era…..!!!!!!!


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